John Flaxman


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Flaxman, John,

1755–1826, English sculptor and draftsman. At 20 he went to work for Josiah Wedgwood, designing the cameolike decorations for Wedgwood's pottery. Later, in Rome, he devoted himself to sculpture and produced outline figure drawings from Greek vases as illustrations for works of Homer, Dante, Aeschylus, and Hesiod. These were engraved by his friend William Blake. He is well known for his neoclassical memorial sculpture of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Admiral Earl Howe, and Lord Nelson (all: St. Paul's Cathedral).

Flaxman, John

 

Born July 6, 1755, in York; died Dec. 7, 1826, in London. English sculptor and graphic artist; representative of classicism.

Flaxman studied at the Royal Academy of Arts in London from 1770 to 1772 and became a professor there in 1810. From 1787 to 1794 he worked in Rome. He sculpted official monuments, including memorial stones in Westminster Abbey and St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. He executed elegant drawings in the style of ancient Greek vase painting to illustrate the Iliad and the Odyssey, the plays of Aeschylus, and Dante’s Divine Comedy (published 1793–1807 in engravings by T. Piroli). From 1775 to 1787, Flaxman created harmoniously clear reliefs in the antique spirit for the pottery manufacturer J. Wedgwood.

REFERENCE

Constable, W. G. John Flaxman, 1755–1826. London, 1927.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, the association in Blake's notebook poem between Dawe and "Yorkshire Jack Hemp," or John Flaxman, likely originated in the previous week's Examiner, which had announced that Dawe's and Flaxman's mutual patron Thomas Hope had become a patron of the Chalcographic Society.
We looked especially for works connected with Blake's intimate friends "Dear Cumberland" and John Flaxman, his "Dear Sculptor of Eternity.
Girodet, although influenced by John Flaxman and Johann Heinrich Fussli, uses a different technique: the delicate overlay of ink washes creates subtle modulations, while Fussli contrasts vigorously dark washes on light-colored paper.
While there, Clarke met the writer Charlotte Smith, the sculptor John Flaxman, and other notable artists and writers.
The grandfather, Jacob Christian Jacobsen (1811-1887), amassed sculptures by his contemporary and compatriot Bertel Thorwaldsen, a Neo-Classicist akin to John Flaxman in Attic dexterity, but lacking Flaxman's sharpness and tightness of design.
Homer, John Flaxman (1755-1826) achieved an international reputation in
John Flaxman will be producing and directing a special music tribute to theater legend Hal Prince, an active supporter of The Partnership.
He was a major donor to the School of the Art Institute, where the John Flaxman Library is named in honor of his late grandson, and to the Sloan Kettering Memorial Hospital in New York.
On 7 December 1826, some eight months before Blake's death, Henry Crabb Robinson called on him, 'desirous to see how, with his peculiar feelings and opinions',(1) he had taken the news of the death of John Flaxman, whom Blake had addressed in a letter of 21 September 1800 as a 'Sublime Archangel, My Friend & Companion from Eternity.
Its vast studio included important artists such as John Flaxman, to whom these coolers are attributed.
A Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery conservation specialist cleaned the memorial in St Mary's Church, Handsworth, which was commissioned by his son in 1810 and was made by sculptor John Flaxman.
Again in connection with one of Blake's engravings for the Cowper biography, on 19 March 1802 John Flaxman further explained some remarks and a sketch that he had sent after receiving Blake's drawing of Hayley's idea for a monument to Cowper to be executed by the sculptor (123).