John Franklin

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Franklin, John


Born Apr. 16, 1786, in Spilsby, Lincolnshire; died June 11, 1847, on King William Island. English arctic explorer; naval officer.

In 1818, Franklin commanded the Trent, one of two vessels in D. Buchan’s expedition, the purpose of which was to reach the Bering Strait by a northeasterly route across the North Pole. However, the ships turned back at 80° 34′ N lat., north of Spitsbergen, because of thick ice.

From 1819 to 1822, Franklin headed an expedition that crossed Canadian territory from York Factory on Hudson Bay to Coronation Gulf. The expedition explored the northern coast of the American continent near the mouth of the Coppermine River before making the difficult return passage to Hudson Bay.

From 1825 to 1827, Franklin headed another Canadian expedition. At the mouth of the Mackenzie River, the group divided. Franklin’s party proceeded west along the coast in two boats, while a party led by J. Richardson proceeded east in the two other boats belonging to the expedition. Richardson’s group then sailed up the Coppermine River and the Dease River to the Great Bear Lake, from which they turned south, sailing again along the Mackenzie River. Together, the two groups explored the northern coast of North America from 148° 52′ to 109° 25′ W long, and a large part of the territory around the Great Bear and Great Slave lakes.

In 1845, Franklin led an expedition on the ships Erebus and Terror in search of the Northwest Passage. All the participants in the expedition perished. The remnants of the expedition were discovered on the coast of King William Island by F. L. McClintock during his voyage of 1857–59.

A cape, a gulf, a strait, and a mountain range in Canada and Alaska are named in honor of Franklin.


Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 1819–22 [vols. 1–2]. London, 1823.
Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 1825–27. London, 1829.


Arkticheskiepokhody Dzhona Franklina. London, 1937.
Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki, p. 337. Moscow, 1962.
Davydov, Iu. V. Dzhon Franklin, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1974.


References in classic literature ?
They had sailed with Sir John Franklin to the North Pole, and ridden with Havelock to the Relief of Lucknow, and when they were not lighthouses firmly based on rock for the guidance of their generation, they were steady, serviceable candles, illuminating the ordinary chambers of daily life.
It had known and served all the men of whom the nation is proud, from Sir Francis Drake to Sir John Franklin, knights all, titled and un- titled--the great knights-errant of the sea.
The second period saw Brandon take control despite the heroics of Hebburn goalkeeper John Franklin to fire in four without reply from Gavin Wood, Andrew Nicholson, Scott Bryden and Steven Paranaby.
RAC spokesman John Franklin said: "The future looks bleak for motorists, with rising oil prices and further tax hikes.
A small selection of prints by John Franklin Koenig, an American painter and printmaker who lived and worked in Paris during most of his career, will open Saturday and run through March 7 at the Hallie Ford Museum of Art at Willamette University, 900 State St.
RAC spokesman John Franklin said: "The uplift in new car sales is a welcome boost for the industry, and shows that incentives such as the scrappage scheme can have a beneficial effect.
Despite that action, Trutanich spokesman John Franklin said Wednesday the city attorney has not changed his position from the campaign.
Kelly Celony and her husband Woobens of New York, Patrick Franklin of Southbridge, Shannon Franklin of California, John Franklin and his wife Sonia of Gardner, and Erin Franklin and her husband Derek Francis of Tennesee; two brothers, Gary Underwood of Ohio, and Kevin Underwood of Charlton; three sisters, Gayle Underwood of Rhode Island, Myrtie "Barbara" Benoit of Sturbridge, and Judie Brunelle of Mississippi; nine grandchildren, Ashley Clemons, Brian, Jacob, Heather, Jessica, Justin, and Ainsley Franklin, Alec Ashworth, and Woobens Celony; and several nieces and nephews.
Resolute; the epic search for the Northwest Passage and John Franklin, and the discovery of the Queen's ghost ship.
John Franklin, Barbara Tyson and Maria Pitillo co-star.
ABSOLUTELY DELIGHTED': John Franklin (left) and Terry Roberts, joint owners of Nifty Wheels.
John Franklin, from staffing services company Select Appointments in Liverpool agrees.