John George


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John George,

1585–1656, elector of Saxony (1611–56). A drunkard, he nonetheless ruled the leading German Protestant state during the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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. He vacillated in his policy between support of the Holy Roman Empire against the Lutheran princes and aid to his fellow Lutherans. He backed (1620) Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand IIFerdinand II,
1578–1637, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37); successor of Holy Roman Emperor Matthias.
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 against Protestant rebels in Bohemia under Frederick the Winter KingFrederick the Winter King,
1596–1632, king of Bohemia (1619–20), elector palatine (1610–20) as Frederick V. The Protestant diet of Bohemia deposed the Roman Catholic King Ferdinand (Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II) and chose Frederick as king.
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, and in return was promised Lusatia. After Frederick's defeat, however, he opposed the transfer (1623) of the Palatinate to Duke Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1573–1651, elector (1623–51) and duke (1597–1651) of Bavaria, one of the outstanding figures of the Thirty Years War and an ardent supporter of the Counter Reformation.
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 of Bavaria. The Edict of Restitution (1629), abrogating Protestant rights, increased his opposition to imperial policy. John George joined the Swedes against the emperor, and the Saxon army invaded Bohemia. The Saxons were driven back by the imperial general WallensteinWallenstein or Waldstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von
, 1583–1634, imperial general in the Thirty Years War, b. Bohemia.
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, who turned on Saxony (1632) and devastated it. In 1635, John George deserted the Swedish alliance and concluded the Peace of Prague with Ferdinand II, which confirmed his possession of Lusatia. War continued and Saxony was repeatedly destroyed by opposing armies. In 1645, John George signed an armistice with the Swedes. After the war, the Holy Roman emperor made him titular leader of the Protestant estates.
References in classic literature ?
John George M'Tavish, a partner of the Northwest Company, who had charge of the rival trading posts established in that neighborhood.
John George M'Tavish, bound, full of song and spirit, to the mouth of the Columbia, to await the arrival of the Isaac Todd.
It is an excellent example of our commitment to customer-centricity," commented John George, SYNAVANT's vice president operations and integrated customer services.
She lived in Felling and Walker and also my grandfather John George Wood, born about 1879/1880 and lived in Felling and Newcastle areas.
The clock, made by local manufacturer John George Chambers of Gateshead, has belonged to the family of Tom Dixon for 200 years.
The most important result is that our customers are happy, which is the true testament to our success," stated John George, SYNAVANT's Vice President Operations and Integrated Customer Services.
Also my grandfather, John George Wood, born about 1879/1880 who lived in Felling and Newcastle .
Also in this time grief, John George Audrey's former World 2 Veteran and later miner died 21st 1975.
Also, adds John George Herbert, who owns Powis Castle in Wales, the Prince's elaborate needs are "tiresome".
This grant will have a tremendous impact on the neighborhoods of Northwest Detroit," said John George, President of Motor City Blight Busters (MCBB).
Miners who died were David Armstrong, 38, his brother Thomas, 43, George Blair, 46, Daniel Harrison, Joseph Harrogate, 29, Robert Hindmarsh, 46, Joseph Hodgson, 38, Ralph Howard, 44, George R Hudson, 38, Walter Hughes, 38, George Marshall, 43, John George Patterson, 21, and Edward Walton, 48.
Lifer John George is meant to be on a scheme preparing him for release.