John Grierson


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Grierson, John

 

Born Apr. 26, 1898, at Deanston. British film director. Graduated from the University of Glasgow.

Grierson headed the motion-picture division of the Empire Marketing Board in 1928; in 1933 he joined the General Post Office. The Fishing Banks of Skye (about fishing for herring in the North Sea), made in 1929, laid the foundations for the British school of documentary films. Grierson considered film primarily as a means for investigating and truthfully reflecting reality. A group of directors (P. Rotha, B. Wright. H. Watt, A. Elton, and E. Anstey) rallied around him to create films that pioneered in cinematic form and realistically depicted the daily work of people from different professions and the difficult living conditions of the poor. Prominent directors such as R. Flaherty (Grierson made the film Industrial Britain with him in 1933). A. Cavalcanti, and J. Ivens joined Grierson’s group. Grierson’s work was greatly influenced by the art and theoretical views of S. M. Eisenstein, V. I. Pudovkin. and D. Vertov. From 1939 to 1946 he worked mainly abroad, promoting active use of the film documentary (especially in Canada). Grierson has been a producer since the 1950’s.

REFERENCES

Trutko, I. “Ot pionerov do ’rasserzhennykh.’” In the collection Kino Velikobritanii. Moscow, 1970. Pages 31–35.
Hardy, F., ed. Grierson on Documentary. London. 1946.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drifters, which Drifters originally premiered in 1929 alongside Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin, was created by John Grierson - a pioneering Scottish filmmaker known for coining the term 'documentary.
In the complexity of the modern world they may not be able to know everything about everything all the time, but, as John Grierson puts it, 'they have an unerring sense of smell.
John Grierson, a member of the Film Society of London, used their Sunday performances, frequented by the British intelligentsia, to premiere several of his G.
This year's History Today Award for Best Historical Documentary, part of the Grierson Awards commemorating the work of the Scottish pioneer of the genre, John Grierson, went to John Dower for his film Thriller in Manila.
John Grierson, mitigating, said: "He says he had no memory of what he did but accepts he caused the death of the animals.
En las nuevas corrientes europeas, el ingles John Grierson (1898-1972) y el holandes Joris Ivens (1898-1989) ejercieron su influencia en el cine de ficcion.
Le coeur de l'ouvrage nous presente cette instance gouvernementale depuis sa creation en 1939 par John Grierson jusqu'a aujourd'hui.
The story starts in 1929 when John Grierson (who coined the word documentary) and defined it as "the creative use of actuality" made a film, The Drifters, about the North Sea herring fleet.
NFB founder John Grierson began an illustrious tradition of documentary in this country on the premise that tim can and should--by the use of voice-over--educate inform and provide an ideological guide.
John Grierson, lider del Movimiento Documentalista Britanico en la decada de los anos treinta, enviado por el gobierno a recorrer los paises del Commonwealth, fundo esta organizacion en Montreal el ano 1939.
John Grierson (1898-1972) was an extremely influential figure in documentary cinema, though his legacy is a contradictory one.