John Grierson


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Grierson, John

 

Born Apr. 26, 1898, at Deanston. British film director. Graduated from the University of Glasgow.

Grierson headed the motion-picture division of the Empire Marketing Board in 1928; in 1933 he joined the General Post Office. The Fishing Banks of Skye (about fishing for herring in the North Sea), made in 1929, laid the foundations for the British school of documentary films. Grierson considered film primarily as a means for investigating and truthfully reflecting reality. A group of directors (P. Rotha, B. Wright. H. Watt, A. Elton, and E. Anstey) rallied around him to create films that pioneered in cinematic form and realistically depicted the daily work of people from different professions and the difficult living conditions of the poor. Prominent directors such as R. Flaherty (Grierson made the film Industrial Britain with him in 1933). A. Cavalcanti, and J. Ivens joined Grierson’s group. Grierson’s work was greatly influenced by the art and theoretical views of S. M. Eisenstein, V. I. Pudovkin. and D. Vertov. From 1939 to 1946 he worked mainly abroad, promoting active use of the film documentary (especially in Canada). Grierson has been a producer since the 1950’s.

REFERENCES

Trutko, I. “Ot pionerov do ’rasserzhennykh.’” In the collection Kino Velikobritanii. Moscow, 1970. Pages 31–35.
Hardy, F., ed. Grierson on Documentary. London. 1946.
References in periodicals archive ?
IN 2013, Berwick Film & Media Arts Festival commissioned Sunderland's Mercury Prize nominated, Field Music, to compose a new cinematic score to accompany a seminal silent documentary, Drifters, by John Grierson.
Obsessed with colour, movement and sounds, partly due to his synesthesia - a condition where music can appear to someone as colours - the young Norman switched his attention to films, and while at Glasgow, he encountered the legendary Scots director John Grierson, known as the father of documentary film.
Which term did director John Grierson coin for a factual film?
John Grierson, defending, told the court while his client accepted he had exposed himself, he denied the sex act and said there was no intention to aggravate the woman.
The towering figure of John Grierson as the "father of documentary" (2) sometimes overshadows the role of his collaborators, the handful of people he worked with on and off for decades.
John Grierson, who developed the PET agent F-18 fluorothymidine (FLT), which is now distributed nationally through Cardinal Health and is being used in a wide array of clinical trials.
John Grierson, mitigating, said: "He says he had no memory of what he did but accepts he caused the death of the animals.
The story starts in 1929 when John Grierson (who coined the word documentary) and defined it as "the creative use of actuality" made a film, The Drifters, about the North Sea herring fleet.
NFB founder John Grierson began an illustrious tradition of documentary in this country on the premise that tim can and should--by the use of voice-over--educate inform and provide an ideological guide.
Inspector John Grierson, of Northern Constabulary, said: "We had been trying to find the animal and dart it when we got a call saying it had been shot.
For this reviewer, at least, the most interesting and revealing topics were those dealing with the Royal Commission on Espionage and its legacy; the persecution of diplomat Herbert Norman, film maker John Grierson and "peacenik" Reverend James Endicott; the strange symbiotic relationship between the RCMP and the CCF/NDP.