John Hanning Speke
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|John Hanning Speke|
|Birthplace||Bideford, Devon, England|
Officer and Explorer
Speke, John Hanning
Born May 4, 1827, in Jordans, Somersetshire; died Sept. 15,1864, in Bath. English explorer of Africa. Speke accompanied R. F. Burton on expeditions to Somaliland (1854–55) and East Africa (1856–59). Burton and Speke discovered Lake Tanganyika, and Speke independently discovered Lake Victoria. Between 1860 and 1863, Speke and J. Grant made a number of significant discoveries. The two men discovered the Kagera River, the main tributary of Lake Victoria. They discovered the outlet of the Nile from Lake Victoria and from there traced the Nile’s path to the Mediterranean Sea. This journey finally resolved the problem of the river’s source and its entire course.
WORKSJournal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. New York, 1922.
What Led to the Discovery of the Source of the Nile. Edinburgh-London, 1864.