Hume, John

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Hume, John,

1937–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. St. Patrick's College, Univ. of Ireland (B.A., 1958; M.A., 1964). A moderate Catholic, he devoted his career to the peaceful settlement of sectarian conflicts in his homeland. A founding member (1970) of the nonsectarian, nonviolent Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), Hume was a member of Northern Ireland's parliament (1969–72) and assembly (1972–73). Leader of the SDLP (1979–2001), he was elected to the European parliament in 1979 and to the British parliament in 1983. Despite severe criticism, he held talks (1988–93) with Gerry AdamsAdams, Gerry
(Gerard Adams), 1948–, Northern Irish political leader. Born into an Irish nationalist family, Adams became politically active during the Catholic civil rights demonstrations of the 1960s, joining Sinn Féin and most probably (despite Adams's denials)
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, leader of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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, which resulted in the Hume-Adams Initiative, a basis for multiparty peace talks and the 1994 ceasefire. Hume, Adams, and the pro-British Ulster Unionist party leader David TrimbleTrimble of Lisnagarvey, William David Trimble, Baron,
1944–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. Queens Univ., Belfast (LL.B.). A Protestant Unionist, he became (1969) a barrister and taught law at his alma mater.
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 later participated in multicountry negotiations that resulted in the historic 1998 peace agreement. Hume subsequently (1998–2000) served as a member of the new Northern Irish assembly. He and Trimble were co-recipients of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize; Hume was also awarded the 2001 Gandhi Peace Prize.

Bibliography

See biographies by B. White (1985) and P. Routledge (1997); G. Murray, John Hume and the SDLP (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
THE former head of the Civil Service here claimed Nobel peace prize winner John Hume appeared politically bankrupt in 1985.
FORMER SDLP leader John Hume said he was humbled after being voted Ireland's Greatest in a nationwide poll.
She paid tribute to fellow peace process architects Irish premiers Albert Reynolds and Bertie Ahern and John Hume of the SDLP.
Nobel Peace laureate John Hume shared his experience of helping to bring about the Good Friday Agreement.
Also receiving a Doctorate of Laws during the ceremony at Liverpool's Philharmonic Hall was John Hume, former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland.
The leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland, John Hume, will also be presented with a Doctorate of Laws
The money, which comes following requests from Derry City Council and local MP John Hume, will fund cost overruns on previous runway projects, safety work and clearing obstacles at the western end of the runway, reported BBC.
A secret document compiled by RUC Special Branch claimed that former SDLP leader John Hume and three colleagues worked as agents of the Irish government at the time of Bloody Sunday.
I ONCE came across a crisp that looked like ex-SDLP boss John Hume.
You need spend no more than 20 minutes in the company of Northern Irish Social Democratic and Labour Party Euro-MP and MP John Hume to understand that he is moved by the same drives that motivated these men.
When 1998 Nobel Peace Prize laureate John Hume finished a recent talk and open discussion at Catholic Theological Union of Chicago, he closed with a lilting rendition of Phil Coulter's "The Town I Loved So Well.
John Hume, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, will receive Catholic Theological Union's "2000 Distinguished Service Award" at its annual Blessed Are the Peacemakers dinner to be held Wednesday, April 26, 2000, at the Chicago Hilton & Towers, 720 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago.