Hunyadi, Janós

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Hunyadi, Janós

 

Born between 1407 and 1409; died Aug. 11, 1456, in Zemun. Military and state figure of the Kingdom of Hungary.

Hunyadi was the son of a Walachian boyar and the father of Mátyás Hunyadi. He entered the service of King Sigismund (Zsigmond) of Luxembourg in 1430. From 1439 to 1446, Hunyadi was ban, or governor, of Szörény, and from 1441 to 1444 he was both the voevoda and the ruling ispan of Temes.

When King Albert of Hapsburg died in 1439, Hunyadi supported the Polish king Wladyslaw III Jagiello in his struggle for the throne (Wladyslaw reigned in Hungary under the name Ulászló I). In a battle at Bátaszék, Hunyadi crushed an army of boyars who had sided with the Hapsburgs. Between 1441 and 1443 he led several successful campaigns against the Ottoman aggressors in the southern part of the Hungarian kingdom.

Hunyadi was regent of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1446 to 1452. His defeat of the Turks in the battle of Belgrade in 1456 spared Hungary from further Turkish incursions until 1521. Hunyadi died of the plague.

REFERENCE

Elekes, L. Hunyadi Janós. Budapest, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
Misha Teramura identifies the fifteenth-century military leader John Hunyadi as the probable subject of the lost play Vayvode, performed by the Admiral's Men in 1598.
October 1st, 1938 The German forces enter the Sudetenland October 4th, 1948 Arthur, Whittam Brown, pioneer aviator, dies October 18th, 1748 The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle is signed, ending the War of the Austrian Succession October 19th, 1448 The Hungarians under John Hunyadi are defeated by the Ottoman Sultan Murad II at Kosovo October 22nd, 1798 Slave rebel Toussaint L'Ouverture drives the last French agent out of Santo Domingo October 27th, 1798 The French invasion of Ireland collapses October 29th, 1618 Sir Walter Ralegh is executed
The story of John Hunyadi would have been easily accessible to a playwright at the end of the sixteenth century, at which time Hunyadi was a figure of considerable popularity who had taken part in events that occupied an important place in the cultural imagination of the later Crusades.
10) A different proposal, raised by George Gomori in a survey of depictions of John Hunyadi in Renaissance England, suggested that the Admiral's play may have been a dramatic version of the Hunyadi story.
John Hunyadi (ca 1407-56), one of the most important figures in the Kingdom of Hungary, enjoyed a dazzling career as a military commander and politician.
33) If performances of Tamar Cham represented attempts by both Strange's Men and the Admiral's Men to profit on the success of Tamburlaine, a play on John Hunyadi would have represented something similar.
As I have tried to show, the play titled Vayvode performed by the Admiral's Men in 1598 was likely about John Hunyadi.
While the first section of this essay argues that John Hunyadi represents a particularly strong candidate for the subject of the Admiral's Vayvode, I hope that this cursory survey of some alternative possibilities might encourage other scholars to champion the claims of these rival vaivodes and even to send new contenders into the fray.