John Millington Synge


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Related to John Millington Synge: William Butler Yeats, Sean O'Casey

Synge, John Millington

 

Born Apr. 16, 1871, at Rath-farnham, near Dublin; died Mar. 24, 1909, in Dublin. Irish playwright.

Synge was educated at Trinity College in Dublin and in Paris. In his first play, In the Shadow of the Glen (1903), he attacked the power of money and advocated higher morality. His one-act drama Riders to the Sea (1904) depicts nature as a tragic force for fishermen doomed to perish at sea. Synge’s plays, which had been influenced by French and Belgian symbolism, then became predominantly realistic, as seen in The Well of the Saints (1905) and The Playboy of the Western World (1907; Russian translation by K. Chukovskii under the title The Hero, 1923), which depict the ignorance and cruelty of the Irish village.

Synge’s book of sketches The Aran Islands (1907) describes the life of Irish fishermen, whose tales were the source of most of Synge’s plays. The play The Tinker’s Wedding (1907) is anticlerical, and the play Deirdre of the Sorrows (1910, unfinished) is permeated with tragic motifs. Synge championed the aesthetic principles of realistic drama.

WORKS

Collected Works, vols. 1–4. London, 1962–68.
In Russian translation:
Dramy. [Foreword by Iu. Kovalev.] Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Kamyshev, V. S. “Esteticheskie vzgliady Dzh. M. Singa.” In the collection Esteticheskiepozitsii i tvorcheskii metodpisatelia. Moscow, 1973.
Kamyshev, V. S. “Dzh. M. Sing v bor’be za novuiu irlandskuiu dramu.” In the collection Problemy zarubezhnoi literatury XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1974.
Greene, D. H., and E. M. Stephens. J. M. Synge, 1871–1909. New York, 1959.
Gerstenberger, D. John Millington Synge. New York, 1965.
J. M. Synge Centenary Papers, 1971. [Dublin, 1972.]
Levitt, P. M. J. M. Synge: A Bibliography of Published Criticism. Dublin [1974].

A. P. SARUKHANIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Call 01492 872 000 4 The Playboy of the Western World A story of love, rivalry and betrayal - a rich encounter with one of Ireland's most beloved dramatists, John Millington Synge.
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But Beckett's embrace of a form comprised essentially of metaphorical images does serve to demonstrate once again his strategy of appropriation and revision of Irish sources, in this case, the plays of the Irish dramatist John Millington Synge.
Writing From the Margins of Europe: The Application of Postcolonial Theories to Selected Works by William Butler Yeats, John Millington Synge and James Joyce
DRUIDMURPHY: In 2005 and 2006, Galway, Ireland's Druid Theatre earned international plaudits for DruidSynge, its ambitious repertory ensemble staging of the complete works of John Millington Synge.
Then there are the memorable lines about friendship: "Friendship is the only house I have" and the concluding couplet of "The Municipal Gallery Revisited" emphasize the importance of his friendships with Lady Gregory and John Millington Synge.
NEW YORK A Lincoln Center Festival presentation of the Druid Theater Company production of six plays by John Millington Synge.
It may have been the Irish dramatist John Millington Synge (1871-1909) who first patented the infant-death theme--old Maurya, the mother in his one-act Riders to the Sea, has lost six of them.
The plays of John Millington Synge (1871-1909) were a building block of her theatrical career: In the early days of Druid Theater Company, which she co-founded in 1975, Hynes directed several of his works, including what is considered the definitive staging of "The Playboy of the Western World" in 1982.
Although nationalists, Yeats and John Millington Synge were pagans: "in Ireland, however, religion is a matter of cultural identity, not to be wasted away by mere disbelief.
GALWAY, Ireland A National Theater of Ireland presentation of the play in two acts by John Millington Synge.
In Clery's estimation, the works of John Millington Synge and Sean O'Casey fail that standard, and while quite good, Joyce's poetry lacks spiritual depth.