John Pringle


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Pringle, John

 

Born Apr. 10, 1707, in Stitchel, Roxburghshire; died Jan. 18, 1782, in London. Scottish physician; one of the founders of military medicine and its prophylactic school (together with his student J. Lind).

Pringle studied at the universities of Edinburgh and Leiden and in 1730 he received a physician’s diploma from the latter. He was a student of H. Boerhaave. Pringle worked in Edinburgh as a physician and at the same time was a professor of ethics at the university. From 1744 to 1748 he was chief physician of the British Army in the Netherlands and then court physician to the king. He was a fellow from 1758 and president from 1772 to 1778 of the Royal Society of London.

Pringle was one of the first to establish the significance of purulent processes in disease development, and he identified “prison” and “hospital” fevers as typhus. He instituted a system of sanitary-hygienic measures in hospitals, barracks, and among soldiers on campaign, and in so doing he succeeded in lowering the number of epidemic diseases among the soldiers.

Pringle deserves credit for establishing rules of neutrality for hospitals in wartime. His Observations on the Diseases of the Army in Camp and Garrison, which was written in 1752, was published in ten editions and translated into several European languages, including Russian in 1807. A monument to Pringle was erected in Westminster Abbey in London.

I. V. VENGROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
In Ayr, John Pringle, 43, and partner Helen Blair, 40, lost their life savings of pounds 25,000.
Further proof came late Friday afternoon from John Pringle, president of E & S Ring Management Corp.
1907 Throughout the decade, regular reports of the mission activity of the church appear in the Record's pages from such as: John Morton in Trinidad, Jonathan Goforth in China, John Pringle in the Yukon, John Buchanan in India, and from the New Hebrides, British Guiana, Formosa and all parts of Canada.
His Ferrando was very good, and the sextet of principals was rounded out by a first-rate complement of talent--Yvonne Kenny (Fiordiligi), Kirsti Harms (Dorabella), Stephen Bennett (Guglielmo), John Pringle (Don Alfonso) and Amelia Farrugia (Despina).
Some of the liveliest moments are provided by the minor characters who are Gerald's English friends (Isobel Buchanan as his fiancee Ellen, and John Pringle as his friend Frederick).
com) was founded in 1981 by George and John Pringle but the family has been in the developing and building business in Lake County for over 80 years.
On a windy Saturday, John Pringle from Wooler returned eight on a mixture of flies, whereas John Williams from Morpeth released nine.
LISCARD BRONZE suffered their first defeat of the season in the Wallasey & District Sunday League Premier Division as newly promoted The Cheese sealed a 3-2 victory over last season's champions, who scored through Craig Wilson and John Pringle.
Matty Kerr notched a great hat-trick and a match-winning performance, that also saw Nathan Millington score a brace of goals to help claim the trophy for manager John Pringle.
Chairman John Pringle said: "We had asked Prince Charles and were very lucky to get the Duchess as well.
John Pringle, chairman of the Ballater Charitable Chiels, who raised pounds 25,000 for the play equipment, invited the couple to open the park at a drinks reception at Birkhall in January.
CONTACT: John Pringle of DuPont, +1-905-821-5710 or john.