John Pringle


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Pringle, John

 

Born Apr. 10, 1707, in Stitchel, Roxburghshire; died Jan. 18, 1782, in London. Scottish physician; one of the founders of military medicine and its prophylactic school (together with his student J. Lind).

Pringle studied at the universities of Edinburgh and Leiden and in 1730 he received a physician’s diploma from the latter. He was a student of H. Boerhaave. Pringle worked in Edinburgh as a physician and at the same time was a professor of ethics at the university. From 1744 to 1748 he was chief physician of the British Army in the Netherlands and then court physician to the king. He was a fellow from 1758 and president from 1772 to 1778 of the Royal Society of London.

Pringle was one of the first to establish the significance of purulent processes in disease development, and he identified “prison” and “hospital” fevers as typhus. He instituted a system of sanitary-hygienic measures in hospitals, barracks, and among soldiers on campaign, and in so doing he succeeded in lowering the number of epidemic diseases among the soldiers.

Pringle deserves credit for establishing rules of neutrality for hospitals in wartime. His Observations on the Diseases of the Army in Camp and Garrison, which was written in 1752, was published in ten editions and translated into several European languages, including Russian in 1807. A monument to Pringle was erected in Westminster Abbey in London.

I. V. VENGROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
John Pringle ENTERTAINMENT: Little Mix proudly performed at One Love Manchester, despite controversy over their outfits.
Last weekend, the fishery hosted a Fritz 'n' Flies pairs qualifier, where the top pairs were Malcolm Robinson with John Pringle and Andrew Taylor with Sean Wheatley.
The agile Lotus Seven S4 of John Pringle was the weekend's first winner in the race for Historic Road Sports/70s Road Sports, comfortably fending off the hard-charging Lotus Europa of Jim Dean, who took second place and a class win.
Liscard ousted Windsor in a 4-1 victory that saw John Pringle net twice and both Sam Hunt and Steve Kane added singles to progress and this with stand-in keeper Steve Bridge playing his part in a hard earned win.
PREMIER Division leaders Liscard Bronze suffered their first defeat of the season as newly promoted The Cheese sealed a 3-2 victory over last season's champions, who battled all the way as Craig Wilson and John Pringle netted their goals.
When Round Hill was founded by local businessman John Pringle in 1953, it was designed to cater for the needs of the burgeoning international jet set.
John Pringle, of Londonbased Pringle Richards Sharratt studio, will be giving the talk on Wednesday at 7pm, in the covered courtyard in the Jordan Well gallery.
The High Court in Glasgow heard that John Pringle, 81, abused the 13-year-old boys from Bishop briggs Academy during outward bound trips between 1979 and 1981.
Veneta resident John Pringle queued up outside the West 11th Avenue Wal-Mart store at 3:30 a.
Having sharpened his teeth on the awe-inspiring Schlumberger phase one before becoming project architect on Glyndebourne, Snell is part of the second generation of Hopkins graduates to have gone it alone, following first generation pioneers Chris Wilkinson (with Jim Eyre), John Pringle and Ian Sharratt.
In Ayr, John Pringle, 43, and partner Helen Blair, 40, lost their life savings of pounds 25,000.