John Pym


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Pym, John

 

Born circa 1584 in Brymore, Somersetshire; died Dec. 8, 1643, in London. English politician. One of the principal leaders of the Parliamentary opposition on the eve and during the first period of the English Civil War.

First elected to Parliament in 1614, Pym was one of the authors of the Petition of Right. He was the most brilliant representative of the allied bloc of the gentry and the bourgeoisie, and his role and influence increased significantly with the convocation of the Long Parliament in November 1640. Pym acted as the chief accuser at the trial of the Earl of Strafford, held in March and April 1641. Charles I’s attempt in January 1642 to arrest Pym, J. Hampden, and other leaders of the opposition met with failure. With the king’s departure for the north, Parliament appointed Pym chairman of a special parliamentary committee, formed in September 1641, which was a de facto provisional government. On Sept. 25, 1643, Pym concluded the Solemn League and Covenant, a treaty of alliance with the Scottish Presbyterians.

REFERENCE

Wingfield-Stratford, E. D. S. King Charles and King Pym. London, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sidestepping genuinely influential seventeenth-century political authors such as Sir Edward Coke, John Pym, or Henry Parker, or William Blackstone in the eighteenth century, however, he plucks Charles Dallison and John Sadler from obscurity, arguing that they "merit brief mention for what they had to say about the judiciary's role in this [seventeenth-century English] constitutional schema" (p.
12) John Pym, one of Charles I's leading opponents, reminded members of the House of Lords, "Your Honours, your Lives, your Liberties and Estates are all in the keeping of the Law.
Subjects include Oliver Cromwell, John Pym, Mary I and also Queen Elizabeth's Locket Ring showing portraits of herself and her mother Anne Boleyn.
Returning to Cooper's watercolour, another by the same artist, an often-reproduced portrait of the Parliamentarian John Pym, is on loan from Chequers and displayed alongside Cromwell.
I did some research into the history of Emley in the early 1700s and it says that the trees in the orchard were grown by John Pym, who was the rector in the 1700s.
On the side of Parliament, traditional British institutions, and the Puritan cause of individual freedom was John Pym.
36) John Pym, ever the realist, recognized the futility of the scheme, and had it swept under the rug.
The company merchants lost control of the City and the new merchants allied themselves with London radicals, first cooperating with the parliamentary group led by John Pym then becoming more radical than parliament.
Among the works to be viewed are, Charles I and Henrietta Maria, both by Van Dyck; The Children of Charles I, after Van Dyck; Lord and Lady Lee at Chequers, by Philip Alexius de Laszlo; John Pym, by Samuel Cooper, and Oliver Cromwell, attributed to Robert Walker.
The background of the four non-nobles is similar, and all were critics of the Personal Rule and of Arminianism, though for very different reasons than Saye or John Pym.
no bibliography, no list of Ray's films or chronological biographical detail (beyond a two-paragraph introduction by John Pym, former associate editor of Sight and Sound, and Ray's own introduction to the original, printed in Bombay in 1976).
John Pym, editor of the Time Out Film Guide, will talk about the work of Ismail Merchant and James Ivory, which includes Howard's End, A Room With a View and Remains of the Day.