John Simon

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Simon, John


Born Oct. 10, 1816, in London; died there July 23, 1904. British physician and surgeon. Member (from 1845) and vice-president (1879–80) of the Royal Society of London.

Beginning in 1847, Simon was a surgeon at St. Thomas’ Hospital, where he lectured on surgery and taught a course in general pathology. This course was the basis for the first handbook on general pathology in Great Britain, which Simon published in 1850. Simon became the medical officer of health for the city of London in 1848 and the first medical officer for the General Board of Health in 1855. He was the first medical officer to the Privy Council from 1858 to 1871.

In 1854, Simon reported that the high morbidity and mortality rates characteristic of the working class were the result of unfavorable and unsanitary living conditions. He advocated the implementation of preventive medicine and defined the duties and work methods of a physician. He insisted upon the creation of a central public-health organization.

Simon headed a group of specialists and physicians who conducted social hygiene research; this group included E. Greenhow, E. Smith, J. Hunter, G. Buchanan, E. Seaton, and G. Stephens. The results of this work were used by K. Marx in establishing a number of theoretical concepts in the first volume of Das Kapital.

F. Engels wrote “J. Simon … is possibly the last of the old, professional, and conscientious officials of the era of 1840–60, for whom the interests of the bourgeoisie were constantly the main obstacle in performing his duty and who was forced to always fight against them” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed. vol. 35, p. 182).


Reports Relating to the Sanitary Condition of the City of London. London, 1854.
Public Health Reports, vols. 1–2. London, 1887.
English Sanitary Institutions, Reviewed in Their Course of Development and in Some of Their Political and Social Relations, 2nd ed. London, 1897.


Vengrova, I. V. Iz istorii sotsial’noi gigieny ν Anglii XIX veka. Moscow, 1970.
Lambert, R. Sir John Simon 1816–1904 and English Social Administration. London, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Late British singersongwriter John Simon Ritchie was better known by what name?
9, the passenger identified as Jinno John Simon, left his phone inside his vehicle.
Armando Yabut, 30, filed the case against Jinno John Simon before the city prosecutor's office.
And on the [non-translatable text]David Frost Show,[non-translatable text] pinched homunculus John Simon queried Susann, "Do you think you are writing art, or are you writing trash to make a lot of money?
The author also proves himself almost as equally well-versed in the work of Kael, Sarris, John Simon, and a host of others as he is in Ebert's.
The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, which has sublet the entire 33rd floor of 90 Park Avenue for 50 years, has signed a direct lease for that space, announced Arnold Gamberg, executive vice president of EVO Real Estate Group, who represented the tenant.
I have always been broody and I can't wait to have a kid, but apparently you need to find someone for that" Ex-Blue Peter presenter Gethin Jones, above "Diana Rigg is built like a brick mausoleum with insufficient flying buttresses" Veteran actress Dame Diana Rigg recalls, in her one-woman show at the Edinburgh Festival, how New York critic John Simon described her in a nude scene in Abelard And Heloise "Back-breaking and grinding" London Mayor Boris Johnson's description of EU red tape
Diana Rigg is built like a brick mausoleum with insufficient flying buttresses"- Veteran actress Dame Diana Rigg (pictured) recalls, in her one-woman show at the Edinburgh Festival, how New York critic John Simon described her in a nude scene in Abelard And Heloise.
Meanwhile, works by South African composers John Simon, Christopher James and Graham Newcater have been added to create access worldwide.
Rather than trying to oppose it directly, you bend and thereby you encourage capital outflows instead of trying to stop the inflows in the first place," the paper's author, John Simon, said.
The papers, held secret in the Cabinet Office for over 70 years, show that Home Secretary Sir John Simon instructed the General Post Office to covertly monitor the royal's telephone calls during the final days before his abdication.
Even if monetary easing causes over-stimulation of the economy, the ECB can reverse course and "there will be no lasting effect because expectations [on inflation] have been anchored," said the IMF's John Simon, lead author of a chapter on inflation in the IMF's April 2013 World economic outlook'.