Robert III

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Robert III,

1340?–1406, king of Scotland (1390–1406), eldest son and successor of Robert II. Known before his accession as John, earl of Carrick, he ruled for his father until 1389, when, having been crippled by a horse, he was supplanted by his brother Robert (see Stuart, Robert, 1st duke of AlbanyStuart or Stewart, Robert, 1st duke of Albany,
1340?–1420, regent of Scotland; third son of Robert II.
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). The latter continued as virtual ruler after Robert III came to the throne. War with England during his reign was marked by Henry IV's invasion (1400) of Scotland and a retaliatory expedition into England, led by Archibald DouglasDouglas, Archibald, 4th earl of Douglas,
1369–1424, Scottish nobleman, called Tyneman [loser]; 2d son of Archibald Douglas, 3d earl of Douglas. In 1390 he married Margaret Stuart, daughter of Robert III.
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, 4th earl of Douglas, that met defeat at Homildon Hill (1402). The duke of Albany is thought to have been responsible for the death of the king's eldest son, David StuartStuart or Stewart, David, duke of Rothesay
, 1378?–1402, Scottish prince; son and heir apparent of Robert III.
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, duke of Rothesay, in 1402. Robert III died soon after his second son (later James IJames I,
1394–1437, king of Scotland (1406–37), son and successor of Robert III. King Robert feared for the safety of James because the king's brother, Robert Stuart, 1st duke of Albany, who was virtual ruler of the realm, stood next in line of succession after the
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 of Scotland) was seized and detained in England by Henry IV.

Robert III

?1337--1406, king of Scotland (1390--1406), son of Robert II