John Strachey


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Strachey, John

 

Born Oct. 21, 1901, in Guildford; died July 15, 1963. in London. English economist and state figure. One of the leading theorists of Labourism and Democratic Socialism.

Strachey was educated at Oxford. From 1946 to 1950 he was minister of food and in 1950–51 was the secretary of state for war. Strachey was a proponent of theories of J. M. Keynes, which he adapted to the reformist Labour Party program. He spoke out against the economic doctrine of Karl Marx.

Strachey contrasted the traditional eclecticism and empiricism of English bourgeois economists to the method of dialectical materialism, and the oligopoly theory to Lenin’s theory about imperialism. He maintained that under the conditions of modern capitalism the laws of surplus value and capitalist accumulation were defunct. According to Strachey, in corporations a semicollective accumulation takes place and the pursuit of profit has disappeared. He proposed a number of reforms to transform capitalism into a society of general prosperity. He put forth the idea that decolonization was a peaceful and voluntary act on the part of the imperialists. He reduced imperialism to an expansionist policy, divorcing it from economics.

WORKS

The Coming Struggle for Power. London, 1933.
The Menace of Fascism. London, 1933.
The Nature of Capitalist Crisis. N.Y., 1935.
The Theory and Practice of Socialism. London, 1936.
Contemporary Capitalism. London, 1956.
The End of Empire. London, 1959.
On the Prevention of War. London, 1962.

V. V. MOTYLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
1946: Labour minister of food John Strachey announced that bread would be rationed, with the greatest allowance going to manual workers in heavy industry.
74) In moving from Communism to conservatism, wrote Hannah Arendt and John Strachey, Chambers had not moved far at all.
75) John Strachey, "The Absolutists," The Nation (4 Oct 1952), pp.
He said: "You can go right back to John Strachey and the post-war Groundnut Scheme.
One thing the ex-revolutionary literary genre has always had in common, the British critic John Strachey noted, is that "[t] he men who wrote these books regarded themselves as agonized, half-strangled outcries against an advancing, and almost certainly invincible tyranny.
Reviewing the book in "The Spectator", British socialist writer and Labour politician John Strachey commented: "The theme is a very simple one which has often been foreshadowed in Freud's earlier work.
1946: Labour minister of food John Strachey announced that bread would be rationed with the greatest allowance going to manual workers in heavy industry.
The description of an unbelievable customs barrier attributed to Indian civil servant Sir John Strachey found in Roy Moxham's book, The Great Hedge of India (Constable pounds 14.
50 YEARS AGO After a two hour inspection of Whittington Barracks, Lichfield, yesterday, Mr John Strachey, War Secretary, admitted they were out of date.
His proposals were not taken seriously and when the idea of a National Government was proposed in 1931 Mosley decided to go it alone and set up the New Party with five other Labour MPs, including Aston MP John Strachey