J. R. R. Tolkien

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Tolkien, J. R. R.

(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl`kēn, tōl`–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.


See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003); P. and C. Zaleski, The Fellowship (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
Sir David Eady, possibly the most famous high court judge in the UK, was brought in to rule on the case of Christopher Carrie, who claims he was abused as a child by John Tolkien, a priest and scoutmaster, and son of the Lord of the Rings author.
He yelled at a young lad named John Tolkien, who was playing in the yard - and the youngster never forgot.
Fr John Tolkien, 83, was a Catholic priest at a parish in Sparkhill, Birmingham in the 1950s when the attacks allegedly took place.
Others featured included Simon Grey, who is suing the Church after alleging he was abused by former Coventry priest, Fr Christopher Clonan -who is believed to have died in Australia -and Christopher Carrie who claimed was abused by the late Birmingham priest, Fr John Tolkien, son of Lord of the Rings author, JRR Tolkien.
Such industry might seem a long way from the young John Tolkien, growing up with a wild imagination in the Midlands.
Father John Tolkien, heir to the multi-million family estate, died after a 50-year career with the Catholic church in the Midlands.
Mr Carrie, 57, from Solihull, West Midlands, has consistently claimed that he was molested by Father John Tolkien in a Birmingham church more than 40 years ago.
Police have closed their investigation into Father John Tolkien - the son of famous author JRR Tolkien - on alleged child sex abuse claims after it was decided not to charge him because of his failing health.
The main article was a front-page splash concerning the alleged paedophilic history of Father John Tolkien, who had recently died.
Father John Tolkien was based at the Roman Catholic English Martyrs Church in Evelyn Road, Sparkhill, from 1950 to 1957 when the alleged abuse was said to have taken place.
Four months ago, we published a story about Father John Tolkien, son of J.
His son, Father John Tolkien, a retired Catholic priest, has predicted the interest generated by the movie will create a nightmare for the author's relatives, who will be besieged by obsessed fans.