Jomon


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Jomon

 

a period of Japanese history corresponding to the Neolithic period (eighth millennium to the middle of the first millennium B.C.). The Jomon period was typified by settlements with seashell mounds and sunken pit dwellings; simple pit burials; distinctive implements made of stone (polished from the outset; chipped shouldered and polished rectangular axes, knives with a small “button”) and bone (fishhooks and harpoons); pottery with raised or impressed cord patterns (jomon in Japanese) or with fanciful linear designs, primarily of spiral curvilinear form; and female figurines. The economy was based on hunting, fishing, and gathering. Direct ties with the neighboring cultures of the Asian mainland have not been traced. The bearers of the Jomon culture had anthropological features resembling those of the Ainu.

There are more than 100 local and chronological subdivisions of the Jomon period, which are grouped in five main stages: the very early Jomon (eighth-fifth millennia B.C. according to radiocarbon dating), early Jomon (fourth millennium B.C.), middle Jomon (third millennium B.C.), late Jomon (second millennium B.C.), and very late Jomon (first half of the first millennium B.C.; in northern Japan the very late Jomon period ended by the beginning of the Common Era).

REFERENCES

Vorob’ev, M. V. Drevniaia Iaponiia. Istoriko-arkheologicheskii ocherk. Moscow, 1958.
Esaka, T.Dzemon bunka (Sensi dzidai), vol. 2. Tokyo, 1957.

M. V. VOROB’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Kosaku Hamada, the leader of the team, confirmed that the simpler earthenware, known as Yayoi ware, came from the upper layer of the earth above the layer of volcanic ash, while the other one with the rope-marking pattern, Jomon ware, known as "Ainu earthenware", came from the lower layer beneath the volcanic ash.
EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS YING YE RYAN HAMILTON ANTHONY MARAS DEV PATEL JOHN COLLEE EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS MARK MONTGOMERY MIN-LI TAN PRODUCED BY BASIL IWANYK PRODUCED BY JULIE RYAN ANDREW OGILVIE PRODUCED BY GARY HAMILTON MIKE GABRAWY JOMON THOMAS
2009) Strontium isotope analysis on the relationship between ritual tooth ablation and migration among the Jomon people in Japan.
For a wider context, the author also gives concise treatments of the earlier and contemporaneous cultures of the neighbouring regions, closing with brief summaries that characterize hunter-gatherer pottery in other parts of the world--the Jomon ceramics of Japan and the Laurel Tradition in the Woodland pottery of North America.
JAPANESE POTTERY DATES BACK TO MORE than 12,000 years, to the first coiled pots of the Jomon era.
Here several works sold for over to times their pre-sale estimates, including the Jomon Shakoki-dogu bust from Neolithic Japan illustrated in the May Apollo.
Rachel Sussman's exploration of "Deep Time" was sparked more than a decade ago by a trip to see Jomon Sugi--an 83-foot-tall cryptomeria tree that has been living on a remote Japanese island for at least 2,180 years.
Similarly, at Rose Rayhn by Rotana, Jomon Ninan, chief of security agreed that preventing loss is one of the most crucial roles of the security department.
Khidmah's Abdulla Al Amri and Jomon Thomas tell fmME about the Green Mosques project they have been spearheading in Abu Dhabi
Among them are a stone tower that is believed to have been built in the sixth century, an excavation site where pottery shards from the Jomon Pottery Culture (8000 B.
The film's music is by Devi Sri Prasad and cinematography is Jomon T.
A different view of the Paleo diet could be that of the early Japanese in what is known as the Jomon period which is thought to have begun after the last Ice-age around 12,000 years ago.