Mario Vargas Llosa

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Llosa, Mario Vargas:

see Vargas Llosa, MarioVargas Llosa, Mario
, 1936–, Peruvian novelist and politician, b. Arequipa. Although his works contain much external realism, emphasizing the ugly and grotesque, he also often explores the minds of his characters, overcoming barriers of time and space.
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Vargas Llosa, Mario

(mär`yō vär`gäs yō`sä), 1936–, Peruvian novelist and politician, b. Arequipa. Although his works contain much external realism, emphasizing the ugly and grotesque, he also often explores the minds of his characters, overcoming barriers of time and space. In his fiction, Vargas Llosa paints a portrait of Peruvian society that is both severe and tender, and explores the meeting of Latin American culture and politics. His recurring themes include humanity's desire for freedom and the freedom that is found in art. His novels include The Time of the Hero (1962; tr. 1966), The Green House (1966; tr. 1968), Conversation in the Cathedral (1969; tr. 1975), the comic Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (1977; tr. 1982), the epic The War of the End of the World (1981; tr. 1982), Death in the Andes (1993; tr. 1996), The Notebooks of Don Rigoberto (1997, tr. 1998), The Feast of the Goat (2000, tr. 2001), and The Discreet Hero (2013, tr. 2015). He is also the author of criticism, including The Perpetual Orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary (1975; tr. 1986) and Writer's Reality (1991); of essays, such as those in Making Waves (1996) and Notes on the Death of Culture (2011, tr. 2015); and of a newspaper column carried by many Latin American newspapers. A political conservative, Vargas Llosa was an unsuccessful candidate for Peruvian president in 1990. After winning the first round, he lost to Alberto FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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. Vargas-Llosa described the vagaries of his campaign in A Fish in the Water: A Memoir (1993, tr. 1994). In 2010 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Bibliography

See studies by S. Castro-Klaren and R. A. Kerr (both: 1990); collection of critical essays ed. by C. Rossman and A. Friedman (1978).

Vargas Llosa, Mario

 

Born in 1936 in Lima. Peruvian writer. His first book was a collection of stories, Leaders (1959). His novel The City and the Dogs (1963; Russian translation, 1965) dealing with life in a military college, is based on autobiographic material. In this novel, and also in the novel The Green House (1966) and the story “Puppies” (1967), Vargas Llosa’s interest in social and psychological problems is evident. His artistic mastery places him among the writers who are rejuvenating contemporary Latin American prose.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
“Buntar’, b’iushchii v nabat.” Za rubezhom, 1967, no. 51.

REFERENCES

Harss, L. Los nuestros. Buenos Aires [1967].
Pacheco, J. E. “Lectura de Vargas Llosa.” Revista de la Universidad de Mexico, 1968, vol. 22, no. 8.

V. N. KUTEISHCHIKOVA