José Mármol

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Mármol, José

 

Born Dec. 2, 1818, in Buenos Aires; died there Aug. 9, 1871. Argentine writer.

Mármol studied at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1838 he joined the secret revolutionary society Young Argentina (May Association). Marmol belonged to the 1837 generation of Argentine romantic writers. During his exile in Uruguay and Brazil from 1840 to 1852, he devoted his work to the struggle against the Rosas dictatorship. His poem Songs of a Wanderer (1847) and his book of poetry Harmonies (1851) are imbued with a passionate love for his homeland and a hatred of tyranny. Marmol’s historical novelAmalia (1855; Russian translation, Friends Are Worse Than Enemies, 1868), which romantically depicts the patriotic struggle against the Rosas dictatorship, was the first national novel in Argentine literature.

WORKS

Poesias completas, vols. 1-2. Buenos Aires, 1946.
In Russian translation:
Amaliia. Foreword by Z. Plavskin and L. A. Shur. Moscow, 1961.
“Rosasu, 25 maia.” In Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCE

Historia de la literatura argentina, vol. 2. Buenos Aires, 1959.

L. A. SHUR