José Carlos Mariátegui

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Mariátegui, José Carlos


Born June 14, 1895, in Lima, Peru; died there Apr. 16, 1930. Peruvian political figure, sociologist, and literary critic.

Mariátegui was the son of a poor clerk. At the age of 14 he worked in a printing plant; he later became a journalist. In 1918 he joined the labor movement and began to propagate socialist ideas. In 1919 he was exiled from Peru. In Europe, Mariategui met M. Gorky, G. V. Chicherin, H. Barbusse, and A. Gramsci. He attended the Constituent Congress of the Italian Communist Party and the Genoa Conference of 1922.

Upon his return to Peru in 1923, Mariategui took part in the work of the trade unions and the people’s universities. He was an ardent propagandist of the ideas of Marxism-Leninism and of the achievements of the October 1917 Revolution in Russia. He waged an ideological and political struggle against revisionism and bourgeois nationalism. A talented publicist, Mariategui advocated the independent development of national culture. He devoted special attention to the analysis of two traditions of Peruvian literature—the Spanish and the Indian.

Mariátegui was one of the first to give a Marxist analysis of Latin American history and culture. He also did a great deal to popularize Soviet literature in Latin America. From 1926 to 1930 he published the sociopolitical and literary journal A mauta, around which the continent’s progressive cultural leaders rallied, and, beginning in 1928, the labor newspaper Labor. In 1928, Mariategui was one of the organizers of the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers. In that same year he founded the Peruvian Communist Party (prior to 1930 it was called Socialist), becoming its first general secretary. The theoretical ground-work for the Communist Party’s program was provided by Mariátegui in his work Seven Essays on the State of Affairs in Peru (1928; Russian translation, 1963), which marked a stage in the development of modern Latin American sociology and aesthetics. While already seriously ill, Mariátegui was subjected to arrests and imprisonment.


Ediciones populares de las obras completas, vols. 1-20. Lima, 1959-71.


Kh. K. Mariategi. Moscow, 1966.
Lenin y Mariategui Lima, 1970.
Vigencia de J. C. Mariategui. Lima, 1972.


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In a public letter addressed to Humala, the CxC responded: "The left, since the time of Amauta Jose Carlos Mariategui, has never abandoned the social justice banner.
Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology" is a collection of writings from Jose Carlos Mariategui, who earned prominence for his prolific writings on Marxism throughout the first half of the twentieth century, writing from Mexico and advocating his ideas for the future of his country.
The book favors in particular Jose Carlos Mariategui, the famous Marxist author and one of the progenitors of this movement.
This is a selected anthology of the writings of Peruvian Marxist political thinker Jose Carlos Mariategui (1894-1930), edited and translated by Vanden (political science and international studies, U.
D'une part, nombreux intellectuels peruviens, empreints de references aux ecrits de Jose Carlos Mariategui, reconnaissaient au sein des doctrines maoistes un air deja apprivoise; elles s'accordaient aux notes d'un imaginaire collectif fortement marque par l'imposante figure du penseur marxiste.
lt;<The contributions of Jose Carlos Mariategui to revolutionary theory.
Le Partido Comunista Peruano fut fonde le 7 octobre 1928 par un groupe d'intellectuels dont faisait notamment partie Jose Carlos Mariategui.
One enduring example remains the work of early 20th-century Peruvian theorist Jose Carlos Mariategui.
El vanguardismo estetico-politico de Jose Carlos Mariategui.
According to the author, nobody came out well in this debate, including such towering figures in Peruvian intellectual history as Luis Valcarcel, Jose Carlos Mariategui, and Jose Maria Arguedas.