José María de Heredia

(redirected from Jose Maria de Heredia)

Heredia, José María de

 

Born Dec. 31, 1803, in Santiago de Cuba; died May 7, 1839, in Toluca, near Mexico City. Cuban poet.

One of the founders of Cuban poetry, Heredia was the author of revolutionary-patriotic lyrics written in a classical style. He was subjected to repressive measures for his activities in the struggle against Spanish colonial rule. His two collections of verse entitled Poems (1825, 1832) exhibit elements of romantic rebellion and melancholy and an interest in local color. Especially popular are Heredia’s patriotic poem “Hymn of the Exile” (1825), his philosophic narrative poem At the Temple of Cholula (1820; Russian translation, 1959), and his poems “Into the Storm” (1822) and “Niagara” (1824; Russian translation, 1959), both of which depict the power of nature.

WORKS

Poesías, discursos y cartas, vols. 1–2. Havana, 1939.
Versos. Havana, 1960.
Poesías. Havana, 1965.
In Russian translation:
[“Stikhi.”] In the collection Poeziia kubinskogo romantizma. [Moscow, 1971.]

REFERENCES

González, M. P. José María Heredia, primogénito del romanticisimo hispano. Mexico City [1955].
Re, A. del. José María Heredia, poeta e patriota cubano (1803–39). Rome, 1958.

Z. I. PLAVSKIN

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Jose Maria de Heredia y Giraud (1842-1905) had one ambition in life: to write the perfect sonnet.
They were both born in Cuba, but Jose Maria de Heredia y Giraud went to live and make his mark in France, while Jose Maria de Heredia y Campuzano (1803-1839) died as Cuba's national poet three years before his cousin was born.