José Mármol

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Mármol, José

 

Born Dec. 2, 1818, in Buenos Aires; died there Aug. 9, 1871. Argentine writer.

Mármol studied at the University of Buenos Aires. In 1838 he joined the secret revolutionary society Young Argentina (May Association). Marmol belonged to the 1837 generation of Argentine romantic writers. During his exile in Uruguay and Brazil from 1840 to 1852, he devoted his work to the struggle against the Rosas dictatorship. His poem Songs of a Wanderer (1847) and his book of poetry Harmonies (1851) are imbued with a passionate love for his homeland and a hatred of tyranny. Marmol’s historical novelAmalia (1855; Russian translation, Friends Are Worse Than Enemies, 1868), which romantically depicts the patriotic struggle against the Rosas dictatorship, was the first national novel in Argentine literature.

WORKS

Poesias completas, vols. 1-2. Buenos Aires, 1946.
In Russian translation:
Amaliia. Foreword by Z. Plavskin and L. A. Shur. Moscow, 1961.
“Rosasu, 25 maia.” In Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCE

Historia de la literatura argentina, vol. 2. Buenos Aires, 1959.

L. A. SHUR

References in periodicals archive ?
Este fue un motivo que con variantes diferentes reaparecera en la literatura decimononica subsiguiente del Plata, como es el caso de Amalia (1852) de Jose Marmol.
Jose Marmol, poet and director, Festival Internacional de Poesia de Republica Dominicana Alejandro Aguilar Arteaga, poet and coordinador, Festival Nacional al Sur esta la Poesia (Cuba) Sergio Iagulli, poet and director, Festival Napolipoesia (Italy) Leonardo Onida, poet and director, Festival Ottobre in Poesia, de Sardegna (Italy).
Su estudio examina cuatro obras seminales por orden cronologico -- Autobiografia de un esclavo (1835-1839) de Juan Francisco Manzano (Cuba, 1797-1853), Amalia (1851-1855) de Jose Marmol (Argentina, 1817-1871), Clemencia (1869) de Ignacio Manuel Altamirano (Mexico, 1834-1893) y Lucia Jerez (1885) de Jose Marti (Cuba, 1853-1895) -- que permiten apreciar tanto la gradual concienciacion americanista del artista e intelectual como la tambien gradual evolucion social que se lleva a cabo dentro de varios contextos nacionales.
Esto ocurre con varios otros escritores como los argentinos Juan Maria Gutierrez, Jose Marmol y Bartolome Mitre.