José Clemente Orozco

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Orozco, José Clemente

 

Born Nov. 23, 1883, in Zapotlán, in the state of Jalisco; died Sept. 7, 1949, in Mexico City. Mexican painter; one of the founders of the national school of monumental painting.

From 1908 to 1914, Orozco studied at the Academy of Arts in Mexico City. He took part in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–17. Political repression forced him to live abroad, in the USA, from 1917 to 1919 and again from 1927 to 1934. Orozco worked primarily in Mexico City and Guadalajara. (In 1949 the Orozco Museum-Studio was founded in the latter city.) Between 1913 and 1917 the artist produced a series of watercolors entitled Mexico in Revolution. Imbued with revolutionary zeal, Orozco’s first monumental works, the frescoes in the National Preparatory School in Mexico City (1922–27), are distinguished by generalization of form and by compositional repetition and rigidity. The works are reminiscent of Italian pre-Renaissance art, yet, at the same time, some are marked by profoundly expressive imagery.

In the USA, Orozco worked in a more expressionist manner than he had employed before. This is evident in the fresco Prometheus (1930) at Pomona College in Clermont, Calif. Orozco’s murals of the 1930’s and 1940’s constitute an angry protest against human oppression and suffering and are characterized by frenzied arrangement of figures, a vivid palette, and grotesque images (for example, the murals in the auditorium of the University of Guadalajara, 1936; the Cabañas Hospital, 1938–39; and the Palace of Goverment, 1937 and 1948–49—all in Guadalajara). Orozco also produced many easel paintings, lithographs, and drawings. He was a well-known illustrator.

WORKS

Autobiografia. [Mexico City] 1970.

REFERENCES

Kostenevich, A. G. Kh. K. Orosko. Leningrad, 1969.
Fernández, J. Orozco: Forma e idea. Mexico City, 1956.
Cardoza, G., and L. Aragón. José Clemente Orozco. Mexico City, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recuerda Jose Orozco que el beisbol mexicano tiene mas de 70 anos, que la mirada del beisbolista hacia la frontera no es nueva, pero que el beisbol se tiene que convertir en un negocio redondo para todos los involucrados.
Cruz, de Rafael Armando Puga; Caja Ciudad del Maiz, de Alejandro Figueroa; Fomento Latinoamericano, de Jose Orozco Melendez, y la de Credito y Ahorro del Noroeste, que encabeza Salvador Pulido.
He worked with a Mexican painter named Jose Orozco on some big murals at Rockefeller Center in New York City.
Con-Way Western Express: Frank Adorno, NV; Ina Daly, AZ; Dale Duncan, CA; Robert Gromley, AZ; Andrew Kelly, WY; Jose Orozco, AZ; Steven Shearer, ID; Lawrence Torrez, NM; Bob White, NV and Bret Wright, OR.
Jose Orozco, 30, of 35 Grammont Road in Worcester, was arrested at 3:07 p.
In late June, Jose Orozco - a career criminal who was out on parole but had not reported to his parole agent since early this year - was arrested in the slaying of sheriff's Deputy Jerry Ortiz.
But in the case of Jose Orozco, he was anything but
Jose Orozco, 27, whose criminal record began while he was a juvenile, was arrested in his slaying.
Learning about college financing Thursday at San Fernando High are Jose Orozco, from left, Danny Salas, Astrid Garcia and Julio Lopez.
People have less and less time to do things so they are going to try to combine them and save time,'' said Jose Orozco of Van Nuys.