Ramos-Horta, José

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Ramos-Horta, José,

1949–, East Timorese independence advocate and political leader; co-recipient, with Carlos BeloBelo, Carlos Felipe Ximenes
, 1948–, East Timorese Roman Catholic bishop and human-rights activist. He studied theology in Portugal and Rome in the 1970s and was ordained in 1980. He returned to East Timor and was named director of Fatumaca College.
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, of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize. After engaging in anti-Portuguese activities, he went into exile (1970–72) in Mozambique. After returning home, he joined (1974) the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) and in 1975 was foreign minister during East Timor's nine days of independence. When Indonesia invaded, Ramos-Horta returned to a life of exile and became the leading international spokesman for an independent East Timor. From 1975 to 1999 he acted as FRETILIN's representative to the United Nations. After studying law in several countries, he settled (1989) in Sydney, Australia, where he taught law at the Univ. of New South Wales and directed its diplomacy training program. A decade later, when a proindependence vote in a UN-supervised referendum in East Timor led to ferocious attacks by pro-Indonesian militias, he played a key role in securing UN peacekeeping forces and a UN-monitored transition government, in which he was appointed (2000) foreign minister and (2001) president of the legislature. Ramos-Horta became East Timor's prime minister in 2006 after an outbreak of civil strife; he was elected president in 2007. In 2008 he was seriously wounded in an apparent assassination attempt. He lost his reelection bid in 2012. He was UN special envoy to Guinea-Bissau (2013–14) following a coup there, and later was East Timor's minister of state and counselor for national security (2017–18).
References in periodicals archive ?
The CUN/Amnesty International party will include appearances and remarks by California Governor Gray Davis, First Lady Sharon Davis, West Hollywood Mayor John Heilman, and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jose Ramos Horta, who currently serves as East Timor's Foreign Minister.
Clinton will meet President Taur Matan Ruak, who this year replaced Nobel Peace laureate Jose Ramos Horta, and Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao, the independence war hero recently elected to a fresh five-year term.
East Timor President Jose Ramos Horta paid tribute to former Philippine President Corazon Aquino on Wednesday.
Nobel laureate Jose Ramos Horta on Monday acceded to unanimous requests and resigned from East Timor's interim legislature to reassume his previous post as minister of foreign affairs.
The election is expected to be a three-way race between incumbent Jose Ramos Horta, former military chief Taur Matan Ruak and former parliamentary speaker Francisco "Lu-Olo" Guetteres.
MANILA - East Timor President Jose Ramos Horta paid tribute to former Philippine President Corazon Aquino on Wednesday.
Foreign Minister Jose Ramos Horta, who also attended the meeting, told Nakatani the country's stability and relations with neighboring countries are improving with the help of the U.
East Timorese independence leader Jose Ramos Horta told journalists Monday he is ready for postponement of the Constituent Assembly election set for Aug.
In recent weeks East Timor formulated its own National Olympic Committee, one of the IOC stipulations for competition, electing Australian-based East Timorese freedom fighter and 1996 Nobel Prize winner Jose Ramos Horta as its president.