José Santos Zelaya

(redirected from Jose Zelaya)

Zelaya, José Santos


Born Nov. 1, 1853, in Managua; died May 17, 1919, in New York. Nicaraguan state figure.

As president of Nicaragua from 1893 to 1909, Zelaya enacted a number of reforms, such as the separation of church and state and the introduction of universal franchise and of civil marriage; he also promoted the development of public education. Zelaya sought to lessen Nicaragua’s dependence on the USA and to this end requested Japan to subsidize the construction of an interoceanic canal across Nicaragua. In addition, he advocated the establishment of a Central American confederation. Zelaya was forced from the presidency with the assistance of American monopolies.

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract are awarded for Air Ticket Tegucigalpa / Ceiba / Tegucigalpa for Friday 27 May 2016 to First Time Morning and Return the Day Saturday 28 May 2016 in the First Flight Tomorrow Name of Engineer Leonardo Jose Zelaya Cruz
Luciano Leguizamon and Emilio Jose Zelaya have both contributed three goals during Arsenal's purple patch and they should feature in the line up today.
In 1909, Nicaraguan President Jose Zelaya refused Washington demands for monopoly canal rights, a banking monopoly, and a naval base, and he was punished by President William Howard Taft, who sent his Administration's equivalent of CIA covert warriors to subvert him.