Josef Myslivecek

Mysliveček, Josef

 

Born Mar. 9, 1737, in Prague; died Feb. 4, 1781, in Rome. Czech composer and conductor. Member of the Bologna Philharmonic Academy (1771).

Mysliveček studied in Prague, where he wrote his first symphonies (1762). In 1763 he settled in Italy. His first opera, Medea, was staged in Parma in 1764. Mysliveček received wide acclaim for his opera Bellerofonte, produced in Naples in 1767. In 1770, while living in Bologna, he met the young Mozart, who immediately formed a high opinion of his music; Mozart and he remained friends for many years.

Mysliveček composed about 30 operas, which were performed with enormous success between 1767 and 1780 in a number of Italian cities as well as in Prague and Vienna. In these operas he continued the tradition of Italian opera seria. His best operas include Hypermnestra, Il Gran Tamerlano, Montezuma, Ezio, Olimpiade, Armida, and Il Medonte, Re di Epiro. Mysliveček also wrote oratorios, including Abramo ed Isacco; symphonies; overtures; several concerti for string instruments and orchestra, as well as for string ensembles; trio sonatas; and music for the harpsichord. Mysliveček’s music, which shows strong Italian influences, was also inspired by the Czech folk song. As a conductor, he helped acquaint the musical public with the operas of C. W. Gluck.

REFERENCES

Belza, I. F. Ocherki razvitiia cheshskoi muzykal’noi klassiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951. Pages 82–89.
Belza, I. F. Istoriia cheshskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959. Pages 285–306.
Shaginian, M. Iozef Myslivechek, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
čeleda, J. Josef Mysliveček Prague, 1946. (Includes bibilographic index.)

I. F. BELZA

References in periodicals archive ?
So along with Luigi Cherubini, Domenico Citnarosa, Giovanni Pergolesi and Antonio Vivaldi, one here encounters such less-well-known figures as Florian Gassmann, Josef MysliveCek, Davide Perez and Giuseppe Sarti.
Josef Myslivecek, "II Boemo": The Man and His Music.
Josef Myslivecek, "Il boemo"; the man and his music.
He wrote his thesis on the correspondence of Josef Myslivecek, and his research has focused on the 17th and 18th centuries.
Similarly, the German, Austrian, and Bohemian editions (of Florian Leopold Gassmann, Josef Myslivecek, Johann Baptist Vanhal, and others) mentioned in the introduction (p.
In the end he made the application by letter, while Josef Myslivecek or Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had still had to take written examinations in Bologna in person.
The pack quickly thins to four composers whose sonatas are singled out for their affinities with Mozart's--Giovanni Marco Rutini, Nicolas--Joseph Hullmandel, Josef Myslivecek, and Johann Christian Bach.