Sir Joseph Banks

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Banks, Sir Joseph,

1743–1820, British naturalist and patron of the sciences. He accompanied Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 on his voyage around the world and made large collections of biological specimens, most of which were previously unclassified. Botany Bay was named on this voyage. In 1772, Banks went on an expedition to Iceland. From c.1762 until his death, he was the chief influence in inaugurating and directing the policies that made Kew Gardens an important botanical center for encouraging exploration and experimentation. In 1766 he was elected to the Royal Society, and he served as its president from 1778 until his death. The plant genus Banksia was named for him.


See studies by H. C. Cameron (1952, repr. 1966), A. M. Lysaght (1971), and A. Wulf (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Joseph Banks, gentleman scientist, taking part in Captain James Cook's epic voyage aboard The Endeavour, was spellbound by sight of natives riding their canoes in the surf.
Grose, for example, was the client of Henry Phipps, Earl Mulgrave, Viscount Normanby; Sir Joseph Banks protected the interest of Paterson, Hunter and Bligh and Joseph Foveaux was well served by the powerful Whig politician and army general, Richard Fitzpatrick.
Patricia Fara investigates how the many paintings, prints and cartoons of Joseph Banks, botanist, explorer and scientific administrator, influenced public attitudes to science in the early 19th century.
celebrated in Guyana in the same way Australians celebrate Captain James Cook and Sir Joseph Banks.
Despite having had an enormous influence on both science and the British Empire, Sir Joseph Banks remains a virtual unknown in the UK, it's this anomaly that Patricia Fara sets out to redress.
Arts Minister Tessa Jowell has put a temporary export bar on Parry's group portrait of Sir Joseph Banks, Dr Daniel Solander and the Tahitian Omai.
Joseph Banks, Captain James Cook's famous botanist, insisted that the Tahitian woman might expose her breast `with as much innocence and modesty as an English woman can shew her arm'.
The characters - botanists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, and the first Polynesian to visit Britain, Omai - feature in a painting at Whitby's Captain Cook Museum.
Ultimately, though, this is as much the story of the man who stayed at home--the great botanist Sir Joseph Banks.
He was then attending a reception at Captain Cook Memorial Museum, which houses two new attractions - a portrait of Omai, Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Solander, and a mounted exhibition of artefacts from Cook's first voyage.
First, in 1818, Joseph Banks was informed by William Scoresby Jnr that the ice normally expected around Greenland had retreated dramatically, leading to John Barrow's revival of the quest for the North West Passage.