Sir Joseph Banks

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Banks, Sir Joseph,

1743–1820, British naturalist and patron of the sciences. He accompanied Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 on his voyage around the world and made large collections of biological specimens, most of which were previously unclassified. Botany Bay was named on this voyage. In 1772, Banks went on an expedition to Iceland. From c.1762 until his death, he was the chief influence in inaugurating and directing the policies that made Kew Gardens an important botanical center for encouraging exploration and experimentation. In 1766 he was elected to the Royal Society, and he served as its president from 1778 until his death. The plant genus Banksia was named for him.


See studies by H. C. Cameron (1952, repr. 1966), A. M. Lysaght (1971), and A. Wulf (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Intermingled with paintings and maps are the impressive illustrations of the voyage artist, Sydney Parkinson, as well as the primitive but nevertheless interesting watercolours relating incidents on the trip painted by the ship's dapper botanist, Joseph Banks.
Omai, Joseph Banks and Dr Daniel Solander may have been acquired from the artist by the Vaughan family of Nannau, near Dolgellau, to whom it belonged in the 1830s, and it was shown at the National Museum in 1948.
Soon everything will be joined by William Parry's famous portrait of the South Sea islander Omai with Cook's travelling companions, the botanists Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Daniel Solander.
The Captain Cook Memorial Museum in Whitby raised half the pounds 950,000 needed to buy William Parry's famous portrait of Omai, Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Daniel Solander, three travelling companions of Captain James Cook.
The protagonists of Klancher's account of the rise and fall of these ambitious institutions are figures usually given supporting roles in histories of Romantic literature and culture: Joseph Banks, Count Rumford, Thomas Dibdin, Humphry Davy, and Charles Lyell.
When Joseph Banks documented and sketched Maori people during his 18th century voyages with Captain James Cook, he described a population that was robust and healthy.
Wiremu Puke carved a replica carving in totara wood of a wooden panel collected by Joseph Banks, botanist of Captain James Cook's first visit to New Zealand in 1769.
Discussing shell-collecting as such could have been approached through Sir Hans Sloane or Sir Joseph Banks (whose collection is intact in the Natural History Museum), but that would have removed the opportunity to recreate the Duchess's circle, so beguiling in its sociability, energy and intellectual acuity.
The sea cave, formed from basalt columns resulting from contracting and fracturing lava flow, was rediscovered in 1772 by a naturalist, Sir Joseph Banks.
The first botanist to make a systematic study of Indian plants, Roxburgh described over 2,000 new ones, sending drawings of them to London for Sir Joseph Banks, the pioneering botanist and patron of the natural sciences who accompanied Captain James Cook on his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean (1768-71).
A portrait of the Kongourou from New Holland and a companion painting, A Portrait of a large Dog from New Holland, were painted by Stubbs in 1772 as a commission from naturalist and botanist Sir Joseph Banks, who played a vital role in the colonisation of Australia.
Conversations have been constructed, as we cannot know exactly what Captain Cook said to Joseph Banks for example, but Kirsty Murray puts words into the main players' mouths to make them more accessible and human to young readers.