Joseph Beuys

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Beuys, Joseph

(yō`zĕf bois), 1921–86, German artist, b. Krefeld; one of the most influential of postmodern artists. Drafted into the Luftwaffe during World War II, he was wounded several times and in 1943 was shot down over Crimea. Nearly frozen, he was found by Tatar nomads who saved his life by wrapping him in felt and fur—materials that he later often used in his work and that assumed iconic, life-affirming stature in it. He studied (1947–51) and later taught at the State Art Academy in Düsseldorf, where he was (1961–72) professor of sculpture. A member of the neo-DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 group Fluxus during the early 1960s, Beuys pioneered certain ritualized latter-day happeningshappening,
an artistic event of a theatrical nature, but usually improvised spontaneously without the framework of a plot. The term originated with the creation and performance in 1959 of Allan Kaprow's "18 Happenings in 6 Parts.
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 that he called Actions; they were among the first contemporary examples of performance artperformance art,
multimedia art form originating in the 1970s in which performance is the dominant mode of expression. Perfomance art may incorporate such elements as instrumental or electronic music, song, dance, television, film, sculpture, spoken dialogue, and storytelling.
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. Later in the 1960s he and his art turned toward left-wing politics; he was a founder (1967) of the German Students party and a Green party activist in the 1970s.

With his room-filling temporary constructions, Beuys also pioneered the movement that led to installation art. In his installations and other sculptural work Beuys included such elements as food, dead animals, wire, wood, cloth, automobiles, musical instruments, scraps of various materials, and many other likely and unlikely objects. In these unconventional, often obsessional, and sometimes disturbing pieces and in his many drawings and posters, Beuys rejected abstract art in favor of an aesthetic that relied heavily on his own experience and that elevated subject matter to utmost importance. Thematically, he was apt to touch on such issues as the environment, politics, and humanity's relationship with nature. Famous in the international art world by the 1970s, Beuys had an important impact on an emerging group of avant-garde artists, first in Europe and later in the United States.


See J. F. Moffitt, Occultism in Avant-Garde Art: The Case of Joseph Beuys (1988); H. Stackelhaus, Joseph Beuys (1991); A. Temkin and B. Rose, Thinking Is Form: The Drawings of Joseph Beuys (1992).

References in periodicals archive ?
Por ello, Munoz propone un recorrido, desde finales del siglo XIX con Cezanne y Picasso, hasta las nuevas vanguardias con artistas conceptuales y mas vanguardistas como Kandinsky, Joseph Beuys, William Kentridge o Bill Viola, para ir senalando los jalones que desmantelaron el concepto tradicional del arte hasta hoy.
Multiples by Joseph Beuys from the Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich.
Y no es que se trate de la muestra de un sastre, agricultor o coleccionista, es que Joseph Beuys quiere provocar y sorprender con su arte.
Analisamos o conceito de Escultura Social a partir de diversos pesquisadores, bem como, dos proprios textos e obras artisticas de Joseph Beuys.
Pointing to my accordion, on which I had planned to play taps for Joseph Beuys, a more sympathetic officer asked, "Can you play that thing?
Joseph Beuys and the Celtic wor(1)d; a language of healing.
Una aproximacion critica a la operacion artistica y politica de la obra I Like America and America Likes Me, de Joseph Beuys, nos permitira estudiar la complejidad de otras producciones artisticas que la referencian, comprendiendo la manera en que el indigenismo es incorporado por los artistas para justificar cierta posicion ante un sistema de identidades que pugna por restituir una ideologia colonial en el campo del arte.
I went to the opening of the Joseph Beuys exhibition at National Museum, Cardiff.
The idea of the project is based on Joseph Beuys concept of 'Social Sculpture'.
Included are major reconstructions, such as the installation Schafe by Wolf Kahlen from 1975, shown on six black and white televisions; a rare work by Ulrike Rosenbach with her partner at the time, Klaus vom Bruch, the boxing match from 1972 that Joseph Beuys participated in at the documenta 5, and the first video synthesizer collages by Walter Schroder-Limmer.
Simultaneamente comenzo la busqueda de nuevos lenguajes, nuevas formas, nuevos contenidos, sin consultar ni tomar en cuenta a funcionarios, patrocinadores o tutores, aunque el autodidacta que era decidio que sus maestros serian Marcel Duchamp, Joseph Beuys, Francis Bacon y Andy Warhol, a quienes jamas imito porque sus impulsos experimentales surgian de otros apremios, que en una primera etapa culminaron en obra grafica, en cine experimental, instalaciones y ensamblajes.
The tour will also include works by Diane Arbus, Joseph Beuys, Alex Katz, Anselm Kiefer, Jeff Koons, Jannis Kounellis, Sol LeWitt, Gerhard Richter, Bill Viola, Lawrence Weiner and Francesca Woodman.