Joseph Brodsky


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Related to Joseph Brodsky: Anna Akhmatova, Wole Soyinka

Brodsky, Joseph

(Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky) (brät`skē, bräd`–, Rus. yôs`yĭf əlyĭksän`drəvyĭch brôt`skē), 1940–96, Russian-American poet, b. Leningrad (St. Petersburg). A disciple of Anna AkhmatovaAkhmatova, Anna
, pseud. of Anna Andreyevna Gorenko
, 1888–1966, Russian poet of the Acmeist school. Her brief lyrics, simply and musically written in the tradition of Pushkin, attained great popularity. Her themes were personal, emotional, and often ironic.
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, he began writing poetry in 1955. He was first denounced by the Soviet government (for "decadence and modernism," among other charges) in 1963 and was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1972. Brodsky emigrated to the United States, where he became a citizen, taught at several colleges, and continued to build a reputation as a distinguished literary figure. He became a master of the English language and wrote in it as well as Russian.

His poetry, which often treats themes of loss and exile, is highly regarded for its formal technique, depth, intensity, irony, and wit. Among his best known works are A Part of Speech (tr. 1980), a volume of poetry; Less than One (tr. 1986) and the posthumously published On Grief and Reason (1996), essays; and the English-language poems of To Urania (1988) and So Forth (1996). Later works include a play, Marbles (1989), and a book of prose, Watermark (1992). His Collected Poems in English was published in 2000.

The recipient of a MacArthur Award (1981), a National Book Award (1986), and many other honors, he won the 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature and was poet laureate of the United States (1991–92). A believer in the redemptive power of literature, he worked to make poetry accessible to a wider public.

Bibliography

See S. Volkov, Conversations with Joseph Brodsky: A Poet's Journey through the Twentieth Century (1998) and C. L. Haven, ed., Joseph Brodsky: Conversations (2003); L. Shtern, Brodsky: A Personal Memoir (2004); L. Loseff, Joseph Brodsky: A Literary Life (2006, tr. 2011); studies by V. Polukhina (1989, 1992), L. Loseff and V. Polukhina, ed. (1990), D. M. Bethea (1994), D. W. MacFadyen (1998, 2000), and Maija Könöen (2003).

Brodsky, (Iosif Alexandrovich) Joseph

(1940–  ) poet, writer; born in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad), Russia. He studied in Russian secondary schools until 1956, wrote poetry, and was sentenced to a Soviet labor camp for his general refusal to conform. He was expelled from Russia (1972), and emigrated to America. He taught at many institutions, notably as poet-in-residence at the University of Michigan (1972). He was named Poet Laureate by the Library of Congress (1991), and is known for his translations, critical works, and his realistic and lyrical poetry, as in To Urania (1988).
References in periodicals archive ?
Though deeply wounded, Hecht generously forgave Joseph Brodsky (whose Russian poems he expertly translated) for condemning his poem "See Naples and Die"--a "severe blow," though not inspired, he felt, by malice or ill-will.
Styles of Ruin: Joseph Brodsky and the Postmodern Elegy.
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Previous writers to hold the title include Robert Penn Warren, Richard Wilbur, Rita Dove, Joseph Brodsky, Robert Pinsky and, most recently, Kay Ryan.
The Oregon Brodsky Symposium is dedicated to the life and works of Russian-American poet Joseph Brodsky, 1987 Nobel Prize winner and poet laureate of the United States from 1991-92.
Joseph Brodsky, the Nobel-Prize winning poet, had died in 1996.
Inspired by the life and work of Russian poet Joseph Brodsky, Darren Almond's recent exhibition was a study in strategic contrasts, an orchestrated dialogue between beauty and decay designed to evoke both the lyricism and the melancholy characteristic of the late Nobel Prize-winner's artistic outlook.
Joseph Brodsky has suggested that 'contrary to popular belief, the outskirts are not where the world ends--they are precisely where it begins to unfurl'.
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Auden, Pablo Neruda, Bertolt Brecht, Andre Breton, Anna Akhmatova, Ariel Dorfman, Joseph Brodsky, Federico Garcia Lorca, Gunter Grass, Primo Levi, Paul Celan, Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, and Daniel Berrigan.
The exhibit currently showing in the Herbert Hoover Memorial Exhibit Pavilion, Remembering Joseph Brodsky, 1940-1996, has been extended to February 28, 2001, because of the additional interest accompanying the recent publication of Brodsky's Collected Works in English.