Joseph Justus Scaliger


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Scaliger, Joseph Justus

 

Born Aug. 5, 1540, in Agen; died Jan. 21, 1609, in Leiden. French humanist of Italian descent.

Scaliger became a Calvinist in 1562 and took an active part in the Wars of Religion in France, fleeing to Geneva after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. In 1593 he took up residence in Leiden, where he taught at the university. He won renown for his commentaries on Varro, Vergil, Cato, and other classical authors and for his studies in comparative linguistics. He laid the groundwork for a scientific chronology of classical antiquity with the treatise De emendatione temporum (1583) and developed a system to standardize chronology.

REFERENCE

Bernays, J. J. J. Scaliger. Berlin, 1855.
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Anna Skolimowska's study of the Vaticinium riuturae Poloniae shows that this poem endured as political propaganda for almost 200 years, while Walter Ludwig's publication of a previously unknown poem by Joseph Justus Scaliger, In tyrannidem Papatus sive Superstitio, documents conflicts and relationships within the international scholarly network.
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Poet, textual critic, scholar of chronology, and fierce defender of his family genealogy, Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) was one of the great Neo-Latinists of his day.