Joseph Mallord William Turner


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Turner, Joseph Mallord William

 

Born Apr. 23, 1775, in London; died there Dec. 19, 1851. English painter.

Turner studied at the Royal Academy in London from 1789 to 1793. He became a member of the academy in 1802 and a professor in 1808. Beginning in the late 1790’s he adopted and elaborated the motifs of 17th-century Dutch marine paintings and those of Claude Lorrain’s and R. Wilson’s landscapes. As he turned to biblical, mythological, and historical themes, he evinced a growing tendency toward romantic fantasy, for example, in his portrayals of the dramatic struggle between the forces of nature, and for unusual effects of lighting. Beginning in the 1820’s, Turner, still preoccupied mainly with marine painting, developed a freer and more dynamic style. His works were marked by vivid contrasts of shimmering tones that merge in a harmonious light spectrum and by objects with contours that simultaneously blend and divide.

Among Turner’s major works are Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus (1828–29), The Fighting “Téméraire” Towed to Her Last Berth (1838), and Rain, Steam, and Speed (1844), all at the National Gallery in London. Shipwreck (1805, Tate Gallery, London) is one of his best-known paintings. Turner also created many watercolors, drawings, and engravings.

REFERENCES

Nekrasova, E. A. Temer. Moscow, 1976.
Finberg, A. J. The Life of J. M. W. Turner, 2nd ed. Oxford, 1961.
J. M. W. Turner. London, 1974..
References in periodicals archive ?
Martin was approached by Glynda Andrews to determine the authenticity of two original Master paintings by Rembrandt van Rijn and Joseph Mallord William Turner, and exclusively represent the two paintings for sale.
But unlike many of his fellow artists, he was also a very shrewd businessman who insisted on payment for his paintings - the aristocracy fell over themselves in an effort to get Joseph Mallord William Turner to produce detailed pictures and drawings of their houses.
Meanwhile, fellow Romantic landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775-1851, renowned for working wonders in capturing light in his landscapes and seascapes, is credited with promoting the genre to the level of the then much lauded history painting.
The youngsters at Trelai Primary School in Cardiff received a visit from the National Library of Wales' prized painting, Dolbadarn Castle by Joseph Mallord William Turner.
The Fighting Temeraire, by Joseph Mallord William Turner, attracted more than a quarter of all the votes cast in a national survey organised by the BBC Radio 4 Today programme and the National Gallery in London.
Girtin's friend and contemporary Joseph Mallord William Turner - now regarded by many as Britain's greatest artist - had much respect for his talent.
They were valuing furniture in the imposing Barns House, in Ayr, when they spotted the painting, an 18th-century work by Romantic artist Joseph Mallord William Turner.
The oil by Joseph Mallord William Turner, one of Britain's leading artists, was acquired by Bowes earlier this year via Arts Council England's Acceptance in Lieu scheme which allows those with an inheritance tax bill to pay it by transferring important cultural or historic objects to the nation.
Selected pieces by Joseph Mallord William Turner and Penry Williams are being displayed as part of the centenary celebrations at Cyfarthfa Castle in Merthyr Tydfil.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) was born in London, the son of a barber.
JOSEPH Mallord William Turner was possessed of the most glorious talent for creating images that take one's breath away.