Joseph Mallord William Turner


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Turner, Joseph Mallord William

 

Born Apr. 23, 1775, in London; died there Dec. 19, 1851. English painter.

Turner studied at the Royal Academy in London from 1789 to 1793. He became a member of the academy in 1802 and a professor in 1808. Beginning in the late 1790’s he adopted and elaborated the motifs of 17th-century Dutch marine paintings and those of Claude Lorrain’s and R. Wilson’s landscapes. As he turned to biblical, mythological, and historical themes, he evinced a growing tendency toward romantic fantasy, for example, in his portrayals of the dramatic struggle between the forces of nature, and for unusual effects of lighting. Beginning in the 1820’s, Turner, still preoccupied mainly with marine painting, developed a freer and more dynamic style. His works were marked by vivid contrasts of shimmering tones that merge in a harmonious light spectrum and by objects with contours that simultaneously blend and divide.

Among Turner’s major works are Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus (1828–29), The Fighting “Téméraire” Towed to Her Last Berth (1838), and Rain, Steam, and Speed (1844), all at the National Gallery in London. Shipwreck (1805, Tate Gallery, London) is one of his best-known paintings. Turner also created many watercolors, drawings, and engravings.

REFERENCES

Nekrasova, E. A. Temer. Moscow, 1976.
Finberg, A. J. The Life of J. M. W. Turner, 2nd ed. Oxford, 1961.
J. M. W. Turner. London, 1974..
References in periodicals archive ?
Que el exigente, el inconforme, el trascendente Joseph Mallord William Turner no se estremezca en las vastedades siderales porque, desde una intimidad romantica, Rosario Guajardo lo ha invocado como a un genio tutelar de la niebla, la luz y la velocidad, vigente todavia en la plural y ampliamente secular escena de las artes visuales.
Joseph Mallord William Turner is regarded by many as the greatest British artist of the 19th century and one of Western painting's monumental figures.
ON THIS DAY 1775: Joseph Mallord William Turner, English landscape painter, was born in London.
Whitehead was the first artist in residence at Tate Britain and his new composition, Colour Beginnings, is inspired by the watercolour work of Joseph Mallord William Turner, the man known as the painter of light.
Fighting Temeraire by Joseph Mallord William Turner, (22cm x 27cm), pounds 5.
The painting, by Joseph Mallord William Turner, was bought by an anonymous bidder at Christies in London yesterday.
But unlike many of his fellow artists, he was also a very shrewd businessman who insisted on payment for his paintings - the aristocracy fell over themselves in an effort to get Joseph Mallord William Turner to produce detailed pictures and drawings of their houses.
Chief among the artists who pioneered this new way of working were John Constable and Joseph Mallord William Turner and the exhibition, on loan to the Newcastle gallery from the Tate Collection in London, promises a breath of fresh air for art lovers wanting to learn more about the techniques of two of the country's greatest ever landscape painters.
The Fighting Temeraire, by Joseph Mallord William Turner, attracted more than a quarter of all the votes cast in a national survey organised by the BBC Radio 4 Today programme and the National Gallery in London.
Girtin's friend and contemporary Joseph Mallord William Turner - now regarded by many as Britain's greatest artist - had much respect for his talent.
They were valuing furniture in the imposing Barns House, in Ayr, when they spotted the painting, an 18th-century work by Romantic artist Joseph Mallord William Turner.
Meanwhile, fellow Romantic landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775-1851, renowned for working wonders in capturing light in his landscapes and seascapes, is credited with promoting the genre to the level of the then much lauded history painting.