Joseph Needham

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Joseph Needham
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham
BirthplaceLondon, England
Historian, biochemist

Needham, Joseph

(nēd`əm), 1900–1995, British biochemist, historian of science, and sinologist, b. London. He had a lifelong association with Cambridge, where he was educated (Ph.D. 1924), taught biochemistry (1924–66), served as master of Gonville and Caius College (1966–76), and founded and directed the Needham Research Institute (1976–90). An embryologist, he wrote such books as Chemical Embryology (3 vol., 1931) and A History of Embryology (1934). Fascinated with all things Chinese, he learned Mandarin and headed (1942–46) the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office in Chongqing, China. After World War II he served (1946–48) as UNESCO's director of natural sciences. Needham wrote more than a dozen books, but by far his greatest achievement is the monumental Science and Civilization in China (7 vol., 1954–), a study of the history of Chinese science and technology and their relation to China's culture and society that was complete through its sixth volume at his death.


See M. Goldsmith, Joseph Needham: 20th-Century Renaissance Man (1995); S. K. Mukherjee and A. Ghosh, ed., The Life and Works of Joseph Needham (1997); P. Y. Ho, Reminiscence of a Roving Scholar: Science, Humanities, and Joseph Needham (2005); S. Winchester, The Man Who Loved China (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
En palabras del gran historiador de la ciencia china, Joseph Needham, "[e]n la historia de los intercambios entre las civilizaciones, no parece haber paralelo a la llegada a China en el siglo XVII de un grupo de europeos tan inspirados por el fervor religioso como eran los jesuitas, y al mismo tiempo tan expertos en la mayoria de las ciencias que se habian desarrollado con el Renacimiento y la eclosion del capitalismo".
Biochemist, sinologist, and historian Joseph Needham contended that the organization of society allowed Europe to dominate the production of scientific ideas for three hundred years, until around 1900.
Known as a masterful and riveting storyteller, his most recent book is The New York Times best-seller 'The Man Who Loved China: The Fantastic Story of the Eccentric Scientist Who Unlocked the Mysteries of the Middle Kingdom,' the remarkable story of Joseph Needham, whose work in China unveils the epic story of that fascinating country.
It will be produced by British sculptor Nigel Boonham, whose previous work includes bronze portraits of Lord Runcie, Archbishop Daniel Mannix, Peter Jonas and Joseph Needham.
The bronze will be produced by Britishsculptor Nigel Boonham,whoseprevious work includes bronze portraits of Lord Runcie, Archbishop Daniel Mannix, Peter Jonas and Joseph Needham as well as one of Diana, Princess Of Wales.
He discusses such topics as the setting, foundation before the present house, the house that Joseph Needham bought, renovation and resurrection by Thomas Dymond, ironmongers and accountants in the Wilkins family 1895-1936, antiques and evacuees 1936-45, and rescue and retirement since 1971.
Journalist Simon Winchester tells the story of eccentric English chemist Joseph Needham and how he fuelled a profound change in the way the world viewed China with the publication of a vast book on Chinese science.
We really do not need to be told which dancer is Joseph Needham, or Russell Wortley, repeatedly throughout the DVD.
The autumn series kicked off in September last year with a talk from Simon Winchester, who illustrated the life of Joseph Needham, the brilliant Cambridge scientist whose multi volume Science and Civilisation in China continues to contribute so much to Western understanding of Chinese scientific history.
Goodwin was not only a founding member of the editorial board of Cosmos & History, he was the patron of the Joseph Needham Centre for Complex Processes Research from which Cosmos & History emerged.
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Joseph Needham towered over the small band of academics, businessmen and student revolutionaries who let China take over their lives.
The second section of the text, and one that is particularly interesting, is concerned with examining the work of three scholars whom Goody finds central to the larger intellectual trend of viewing development through a European lens: Joseph Needham (the great scholar of Chinese science), Norbert Elias (the great scholar of the "civilizing process"), and Fernand Braudel (the great scholar of, among other things, the Mediterranean world and the development of capitalism).