Joseph Needham

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Joseph Needham
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham
BirthplaceLondon, England
Historian, biochemist

Needham, Joseph

(nēd`əm), 1900–1995, British biochemist, historian of science, and sinologist, b. London. He had a lifelong association with Cambridge, where he was educated (Ph.D. 1924), taught biochemistry (1924–66), served as master of Gonville and Caius College (1966–76), and founded and directed the Needham Research Institute (1976–90). An embryologist, he wrote such books as Chemical Embryology (3 vol., 1931) and A History of Embryology (1934). Fascinated with all things Chinese, he learned Mandarin and headed (1942–46) the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office in Chongqing, China. After World War II he served (1946–48) as UNESCO's director of natural sciences. Needham wrote more than a dozen books, but by far his greatest achievement is the monumental Science and Civilization in China (7 vol., 1954–), a study of the history of Chinese science and technology and their relation to China's culture and society that was complete through its sixth volume at his death.


See M. Goldsmith, Joseph Needham: 20th-Century Renaissance Man (1995); S. K. Mukherjee and A. Ghosh, ed., The Life and Works of Joseph Needham (1997); P. Y. Ho, Reminiscence of a Roving Scholar: Science, Humanities, and Joseph Needham (2005); S. Winchester, The Man Who Loved China (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
It will be produced by British sculptor Nigel Boonham, whose previous work includes bronze portraits of Lord Runcie, Archbishop Daniel Mannix, Peter Jonas and Joseph Needham.
The bronze will be produced by Britishsculptor Nigel Boonham,whoseprevious work includes bronze portraits of Lord Runcie, Archbishop Daniel Mannix, Peter Jonas and Joseph Needham as well as one of Diana, Princess Of Wales.
He discusses such topics as the setting, foundation before the present house, the house that Joseph Needham bought, renovation and resurrection by Thomas Dymond, ironmongers and accountants in the Wilkins family 1895-1936, antiques and evacuees 1936-45, and rescue and retirement since 1971.
Journalist Simon Winchester tells the story of eccentric English chemist Joseph Needham and how he fuelled a profound change in the way the world viewed China with the publication of a vast book on Chinese science.
We really do not need to be told which dancer is Joseph Needham, or Russell Wortley, repeatedly throughout the DVD.
THE RENOWNED BIOCHEMIST from Cambridge University, Joseph Needham (1900-1995), was even more famous as the Christopher Columbus of Chinese sciences, having discovered, quite literally, an entire continent of knowledge beyond the pale of traditional sinology.
THE TOPIC: Decades before Richard Nixon traveled to China to open relations between East and West, Cambridge don and eccentric biochemist Joseph Needham (1900-1995) made inroads into China's secrets.
This volume narrates the story of Joseph Needham (1900-1995), a British biochemist whose affair with a Chinese student visiting Cambridge U.
THE MAN WHO LOVED CHINA: JOSEPH NEEDHAM ND THE MAKING OF A MASTERPIECE reviews the life of an eccentric who moved from being a biochemist at Cambridge to marrying a visiting Chinese student and journeying to China.
The originator of this study was the brilliant Scottish biochemist Joseph Needham.
The other scholar with whom Bodde enjoyed a close association was Joseph Needham.
Joseph Needham began his career as a biochemist working in embryology.