Joseph Pitton de Tournefort

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Tournefort, Joseph Pitton de


Born June 5, 1656, in Aix-en-Provence; died Dec. 28, 1708, in Paris. French botanist and physician. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1691); professor of medicine at the College de France (1702).

Tournefort traveled throughout Western Europe, Turkey, Armenia, and Georgia. He collected and described more than 1,000 new species of plants. Tournefort developed an artificial classification system of plants (1694–1700), based on the structure of the corolla and embracing more than 10,000 species. His system was widely accepted before the appearance of the Linnaean system (1735). Many taxons accepted or described by Tournefort, especially genera, are acknowledged in modern botany. A number of them have been placed in other categories.


Institutiones rei herbariae, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1700.


Tournefort. Paris, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
The genus name Plumeria was given by fellow botanists Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Carl von Linne, who wanted to honour a colleague they highly respected.
Plumier's teacher Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, professor at the Jardin du Roi from 1683 and member of the Academy from 1692, went on several voyages to observe plants, travelling to Greece and the Orient.
Plumier used a scientific taxonomy that was being developed by his teacher Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, the 'father of the genus concept'.
60) Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708), fue un notable naturalista frances, profesor de botanica y director del Jardin Botanico de Paris.