Josephine


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Josephine: Josephine de Beauharnais

Josephine,

1763–1814, empress of the French (1804–9) as the consort of Napoleon INapoleon I
, 1769–1821, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as "the Little Corporal." Early Life

The son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte (or Buonaparte; see under Bonaparte, family), young Napoleon was sent (1779) to French military schools at
..... Click the link for more information.
. Born Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie in Martinique, she was married in 1779 to Alexandre de BeauharnaisBeauharnais, Alexandre, vicomte de
, 1760–94, French general, b. Martinique. He fought with the colonials in the American Revolution and, as a supporter of the French Revolution, was a commander in the French Revolutionary Wars.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Two children were born, Eugène (later viceroy of Italy) and Hortense (later queen of Holland). Josephine's husband was guillotined during the French Revolution, in 1794, but she escaped with brief imprisonment that same year. In 1796 she was married, by a civil ceremony, to Napoleon Bonaparte, whom she had met through Paul BarrasBarras, Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de
, 1755–1829, French revolutionary. Although of a noble family, he joined the Jacobins in the Revolution and was a member of the Convention.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Before Napoleon became emperor, they were remarried in a religious ceremony. Josephine took a prominent part in the social life of the time. Napoleon had their marriage annulled in 1809, allegedly because of her infertility, so that he might marry Marie LouiseMarie Louise,
1791–1847, empress of the French (1810–15) as consort of Napoleon I and duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla (1816–47), daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (later Emperor of Austria as Francis I.
..... Click the link for more information.
, daughter of the Austrian emperor Francis I (Holy Roman Emperor Francis IIFrancis II,
1768–1835, last Holy Roman emperor (1792–1806), first emperor of Austria as Francis I (1804–35), king of Bohemia and of Hungary (1792–1835).
..... Click the link for more information.
). Thereafter Josephine lived in retirement at Malmaison.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. M. Wilson (1930), A. Castelot (tr. 1967), C. Erickson (1999), and K. Williams (2014); study by F. MassonMasson, Frédéric,
1847–1923, French historian, an authority on Napoleon I and his family. His work is uncritically laudatory with regard to Napoleon himself; his admiration, however, did not deter his severe indictment of Napoleon's relatives in
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Josephine

Empress, previous name Jos?phine de Beauharnais; real name Marie Jos?phine Tascher de la Pagerie. 1763--1814, empress of France as wife of Napoleon Bonaparte (1796--1809)
References in classic literature ?
Old Miss Barry was in a terrible temper when she got up this morning--and Josephine Barry's temper is no joke, I can tell you that.
Your Aunt Josephine was very cross about it, wasn't she?
Miss Josephine Barry, thin, prim, and rigid, was knitting fiercely by the fire, her wrath quite unappeased and her eyes snapping through her gold-rimmed glasses.
Josephine was incredibly brave - it was far more brave to do what she was doing then than it would be today, because of how women were expected to behave.
Josephine Thompson,91Sturbridge - Josephine (Ciesla) Thompson, 91, of Charlton Rd.
FORMER Kirkburton woman Josephine Blaney has written a book about volunteering in India and Pakistan.
Commissioners in Curry and Josephine counties, two of the most tax-averse counties in Oregon, have tentatively decided to place tax proposals on the May 15 ballot.
JOSEPHINE Hardie is pounds 400 better off thanks to me after I got her a scrappage fee for her old central heating boiler.
Our mission is to keep the memory of Miss Pankey and her ideals," said Nancy Lott, president and one of the founding members of the Friends of Josephine Pankey, a two-year-old nonprofit organization.
JOSEPHINE Hendry, who has died aged 66, will be fondly remembered for many reasons but especially her ''outrageous'' sociability.
Speaking for the first time since the star's death 10 years ago, Josephine Purcell gathered family and friends together last night to celebrate the life and times of the movie legend and the man she loved.
Josephine Butler, who is buried at the Church of St Gregory the Great in Kirknewton, near Wooler, has been described as something of a forgotten saint and was one of the most passionate 19th century social reformers.