Josephine


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Related to Josephine: Josephine de Beauharnais

Josephine,

1763–1814, empress of the French (1804–9) as the consort of Napoleon INapoleon I
, 1769–1821, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as "the Little Corporal." Early Life

The son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte (or Buonaparte; see under Bonaparte, family), young Napoleon was sent (1779) to French military schools at
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. Born Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie in Martinique, she was married in 1779 to Alexandre de BeauharnaisBeauharnais, Alexandre, vicomte de
, 1760–94, French general, b. Martinique. He fought with the colonials in the American Revolution and, as a supporter of the French Revolution, was a commander in the French Revolutionary Wars.
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. Two children were born, Eugène (later viceroy of Italy) and Hortense (later queen of Holland). Josephine's husband was guillotined during the French Revolution, in 1794, but she escaped with brief imprisonment that same year. In 1796 she was married, by a civil ceremony, to Napoleon Bonaparte, whom she had met through Paul BarrasBarras, Paul François Jean Nicolas, vicomte de
, 1755–1829, French revolutionary. Although of a noble family, he joined the Jacobins in the Revolution and was a member of the Convention.
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. Before Napoleon became emperor, they were remarried in a religious ceremony. Josephine took a prominent part in the social life of the time. Napoleon had their marriage annulled in 1809, allegedly because of her infertility, so that he might marry Marie LouiseMarie Louise,
1791–1847, empress of the French (1810–15) as consort of Napoleon I and duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla (1816–47), daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (later Emperor of Austria as Francis I.
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, daughter of the Austrian emperor Francis I (Holy Roman Emperor Francis IIFrancis II,
1768–1835, last Holy Roman emperor (1792–1806), first emperor of Austria as Francis I (1804–35), king of Bohemia and of Hungary (1792–1835).
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). Thereafter Josephine lived in retirement at Malmaison.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. M. Wilson (1930), A. Castelot (tr. 1967), C. Erickson (1999), and K. Williams (2014); study by F. MassonMasson, Frédéric,
1847–1923, French historian, an authority on Napoleon I and his family. His work is uncritically laudatory with regard to Napoleon himself; his admiration, however, did not deter his severe indictment of Napoleon's relatives in
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.

Josephine

Empress, previous name Jos?phine de Beauharnais; real name Marie Jos?phine Tascher de la Pagerie. 1763--1814, empress of France as wife of Napoleon Bonaparte (1796--1809)
References in classic literature ?
Old Miss Barry was in a terrible temper when she got up this morning--and Josephine Barry's temper is no joke, I can tell you that.
Your Aunt Josephine was very cross about it, wasn't she?
Miss Josephine Barry, thin, prim, and rigid, was knitting fiercely by the fire, her wrath quite unappeased and her eyes snapping through her gold-rimmed glasses.
Josephine tested HIV positive when she was 41 years old.
24, Josephine Llorca was driving her way to her family's Christmas Eve dinner in Marikina when she noticed a woman in front of Sta.
Josephine Pender's death comes just three weeks after the 21st anniversary of the disappearance when she told of her agony at not finding her daughter.
The convention was opened by the irrepressible Ben Shapiro who in his remarks debunking the most "popular" proabortion arguments, beginning with Leyla Josephine.
Despite its unhappy ending, the story of Jose Rizal and Josephine Bracken is one of the best known in Philippine history.
JOSEPHINE Rush from Solihull was unhappy about her school AS-level results of C, C, D and E grades.
Their first daughter Catherine Rose was born 1959 in Newcastle General Hospital and Josephine Norma was born August 1960 at Elswick.
Hero Josephine Zuzan, 18, was on a school bus when she heard the crash as the 80-year-old woman driver hit pupils waiting to board outside their college gates.
For Josephine Briggs has spent years tracing her family history including that of her great great great grandfather William Usher.