Joshua Reynolds


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Reynolds, Joshua

 

Born July 16, 1723, in Plympton, Devonshire; died Feb. 23, 1792, in London. English painter.

Reynolds studied in London with T. Hudson from 1740 to 1743. He worked in Devonshire and London. From 1749 to 1752 he traveled in Europe, studying the works of Rembrandt, Rubens, and the 16th-century Venetian masters. Reynolds was a founder of the London Royal Academy of Arts; he served as the academy’s first president from 1768 to 1790.

Creatively reinterpreting the traditions of formal baroque portraiture and combining the grandeur of the overall concept with natural characterization, Reynolds sought to represent the ideal personality within the proper sociohistorical framework. He used dynamic composition, fluid brushstroke, and lush colors to achieve an effect of naturalness (as seen in Jane, Countess Harrington, 1777–79, Huntington Art Gallery, San Marino, Calif.).

Many of Reynold’s portraits were in the form of allegorical scenes—for example, Garrick Between Comedy and Tragedy (c. 1760–61, Lord Rothschild Collection, Cambridge). The artist’s self-portraits and portraits of his friends (for example, Dr. Samuel Johnson, 1772, Tate Gallery, London) are noted for their psychological expressiveness. His portraits of friends were deliberately simple in execution.

Reynold’s art theory, dominated by conventional classicist views, was more conservative than his art.

REFERENCES

Graves, A., and W. Cronin. A History of the Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, vols. London, 1899–1901.
Hudson, D. Sir Joshua Reynolds, a Personal Study. London, 1958.
Waterhouse, E. K. Reynolds. London, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company offered artists the use of his auction house to exhibit their works and enjoyed the friendship of leading artists such as Sir Joshua Reynolds, Thomas Chippendale--who designed Christie's auction podium--and Thomas Gainsborough, who painted the famous portrait of Christie that now hangs in the J.
Mrs Baldwin in Eastern Dress, by Joshua Reynolds, 1782.
Nicholas Martinez, Thomas Membrino, Mark Mullins, Nhi Ngo, Nicole Nikander, Kaitlin Ouellette, Akin Payton, Monica Pearl, Ellen Porell, Brianna Reyes, Joshua Reynolds, Jennifer Rivera, Joseph Sandberg, Anthony Scarale, Matthew Schneider, Emily Shea, Janet Sierra, Chelsea Smith, Marlena Sullivan, Lauren Sweeney, William Tarr, Michael Tetreault, Christopher Thibodeau, Tram Tran, Veronica Valladares, Catherine Van Amburgh, Samuel Welch IV, Arianna Winters, Emily Wuoti.
His correspondents were not only other physicians but authors such as Samuel Johnson, the actor David Garrick, the painter Joshua Reynolds and many members of the ruling class, including George III's queen, Charlotte, several of whose children Hunter delivered.
Impressively photographed, the paintings include works by distinguished British artists such as Laura and Harold Knight, Thomas Lawrence, William and Ben Nicholson, Allan Ramsay, Joshua Reynolds, Stanley Spencer and Edward Wadsworth.
The artist took only one of these trips, however; She traveled to London, stayed at a hotel for three days, and visited the Wallace Collection to see the portrait of Miss Nelly O'Brien by Joshua Reynolds.
All the gestures of children are graceful," the artist Sir Joshua Reynolds once said--one reason, perhaps, that children make good subjects for magazine covers.
Johnson's beautiful tribute to his friend, Sir Joshua Reynolds: "Sir Joshua Reynolds, sir, is the most invulnerable man I know; the man with whom if you should quarrel, you would find the most difficulty how to abuse.
Anyone interested in the sociology of taste could hardly do better than visit London at the moment, where what used to be known as the Tate Gallery is offering two exhibitions, the first of portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds, and the second of works by Frida Kahlo.
JMW Turner, JohnConstable, Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds.
Joshua Reynolds, the preeminent English portraitist, called it "an excellent picture" and encouraged Copley to study in Europe.