(pseudonym of Chao P’ing-fu). Born 1901, in the province of Chekiang; died in 1931. Chinese writer. Joined the Communist Party of China in 1930.
Jou Shih was an associate of Lu Hsin’s. He edited Yu ssuand other magazines, organized the literary society Chaohuashe (Morning Flowers), and was one of the creators of the League of Freedom and the League of Leftwing Writers, which led the movement for proletarian literature in China. Jou Shih is the author of the collection of stories Mad (1923-24), the story “February” (1929; Russian translation, 1958) about young teachers, the essay An Enormous Impression (1930), and a collection of short stories from peasant life, The Mother-Slave (1930). He translated Gorky’s The Artamonov’s Business and Lunacharskii’s Faust and the City, as well as other Russian fiction, into Chinese. Jou Shih was shot by the Kuomintang secret police.