Jourdan, Jean Baptiste

Jourdan, Jean Baptiste

(zhäN bätēst` zho͞ordäN`), 1762–1833, marshal of France. He fought in the American Revolution, and in the French Revolutionary Wars he commanded the Army of the North to Wattignies (1793), won a decisive victory at Fleurus (1794), and led the army of Sambre-et-Meuse into Cologne (1794). He sponsored the law of general conscription (1798) that bore his name. Although initially opposed to the coup of 18 Brumaire (1799), he served Napoleon as ambassador to the Cisalpine Republic (1801) and was made councilor of state (1802) and marshal of France (1804). After Napoleon's fall, he rallied to the Bourbons, who later made him a peer.

Jourdan, Jean Baptiste

 

Born Apr. 29, 1762, in Limoges; died Nov. 23, 1833, in Paris. Became a marshal of France in 1804 and a count in 1816. Fought in the American War of Independence. Jourdan commanded a battalion of volunteers from 1791 in the Great French Revolution. In 1793 he was made a general of division, commanded several armies, and was victorious over the interventionists at Fleurus. In 1797 he became a member of the Council of Five Hundred and introduced and carried through the law on conscription for military duty. At the time of the coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire, Jourdan opposed Napoleon Bonaparte; he subsequently joined him. In 1804–05 he commanded the Italian army, and in 1806–09 and 1812–13 he was military adviser and chief of staff to the Spanish king Joseph Bonaparte. In 1814 he sided with the Bourbons and was given command of a military district. In 1819, Jourdan was named a peer of France and in 1830 became governor of the Hôtel des Invalides.

Mentioned in ?