Attila József

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József, Attila

 

Born Apr. 11, 1905, in Budapest; died Dec. 3, 1937, in the village of Balatonszarszo. Hungarian poet; became a member of the Hungarian Communist Party in 1930.

József was the son of a worker. He studied at the universities of Szeged and Vienna and at the Sorbonne. Imitation of E. Ady, G. Juhász, and W. Whitman is noticeable in his first collection, Beggar of Beauty (1922). However, in his collections It Is Not I Who Shouts (1924) and No Father or Mother (1929), despite the well-known influence of expressionism and surrealism, he was already asserting his own defiantly grotesque, but at times sincere, lyric manner. József’s poetry, in which an intense drama-tism appears, reflects the unfortunate condition of working people and their will for revolutionary struggle (the collections Root Out the Stumps and Don’t Whine, 1931; Night on the Outskirts, 1932; and Bear’s Dance, 1934). In his last collection, Very Painful (1936), bitter protest is interwoven with depression and despair.

WORKS

Összes versci. [Budapest] 1966.
Összes művei, vols. 1–4. Budapest, 1952–67.
Irodalom es szocializmus. [Budapest] 1967.
In Russian translation:
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1958.
Stikhi. Moscow [1962].

REFERENCES

Shargina, L. ‘Attila Iozhef.” In the collection Pisateli stran narodnoi demokratii. Moscow, 1959.
Rossiianov, O. “Poeticheskii obraz u Attily Iozhefa.” In the collection Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969.
Szabolcsi, M. Fiatal életek indulója. Budapest, 1963.
Forgács, L. József Attila esztétikója. Budapest, 1965.
Tötök, G. A lira: Logika. Budapest, 1968.
Balogh, L. József Attila, 2nd ed. Budapest, 1970.

O. K. ROSSIIANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
John's College of Cambridge University, Jacob-und-Wilhelm-Grimm-Zentrum at Humboldt University, Brotherton Library at the University of Leeds, Central Library at the University of Technology, Duke Humfrey's Library in the Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford, Catholic University of Leuven Library, La Sorbonne Reading Room at the University of Paris, Trinity College Library/The Long Room, Heidelberg University Library, Pompeu Fabra University Library, Pontifical Lateran University Library, The University of Helsinki Library (currently the National Library of Finland), The University of Coimbra General Library, Jozsef Attila Study and Information Centre at the University of Szeged, and Galway Mayo Institute Of Technology Library.
So did numerous writers in other languages, such as the Peruvian Cesar Vallejo or the Hungarian Jozsef Attila, of whom Wald, dazzled by the "Popular Front" of Earl Browder, seems to know nothing.
Completano il volume un dramma-lampo e un quaderno di traduzioni, da Dylan Thomas ad Andre Breton, da Jozsef Attila a Seamus Heaney.