Juan Bautista Alberdi


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Alberdi, Juan Bautista

 

Born Aug. 29, 1810, inTukumán; died June 18,1884, in Paris. Argentinian political figure.

He was one of the founders of the secret society Young Argentina (1838, Buenos Aires), the aim of which was to overthrow the Rosas tyranny. He lived abroad in exile from 1839 to 1852. After the Rosas dictatorship fell (1852), he worked in the diplomatic service for many years. In his chief work Bases and Points of Departure for the Political Organization of the Argentinian Republic (1852), Alberdi expressed the desire of democratic groups for the establishment of a broadly representative federal democratic republic in Argentina. In his book The Crime of War (Russian translation, 1960) Alberdi condemned war as a criminal offense and argued for the responsibility of a government for unleashing war. Condemning the principles of aggression and force in the mutual relations of states, Alberdi criticized the Monroe Doctrine. Alberdi’s economic works contain remarkable conjectures on the inevitability of economic crises under capitalism, surplus value, and the reign of labor in the future.

WORKS

Obras completas, vol. 1–8. Buenos Aires, 1886–87.
Escritos postumos, vols. 1–16. Buenos Aires, 1895–1905.

REFERENCES

Rojas Paz, P., Alberdi, el ciudadano de la Soledad, [2nded.]. Buenos
Aires [1945]. Popolizio, E. Alberdi. Buenos Aires [1947].

V. I. ERMOLAEV

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Villa Batiruana (27[degrees]38S, 65[degrees]44'W), Juan Bautista Alberdi Department, XII-2012, CDC traps with UV-light, anthropogenic environment, Veggiani Aybar coll.
El capitulo quinto se ocupa de una rara avis: la Peregrinacion de Juan Bautista Alberdi, el mas abiertamente alegorico de todos los textos que se trabajan en Contra la alegoria.
Part II describes the basic vision of Juan Bautista Alberdi, the father of Argentine constitutionalism.
The men who gathered at Santa Fe to write a new constitution for a new Argentina were deeply impressed by the writings of a forty-two-year-old exile named Juan Bautista Alberdi.
JUAN BAUTISTA ALBERDI, BASES Y PUNTOS DE PARTIDA PARA LA ORGANIZACION POLITICA DE LA REPUBLICA ARGENTINA, in 3 OBRAS COMPLETAS DE J.
Dougherty, Juan Bautista Alberdi: A Study of His Thought, 29 THE AMERICAS 489, 492 (1973); Harold Eugene Davis, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Americanist, 4 J.
JUAN BAUTISTA ALBERDI, ESTUDIOS SOBRE LA CONSTITUCION ARGENTINA DE 1853, in 5 OBRAS COMPLETAS DE JUAN BAUTISTA ALBERDI 148 (1886).
The reader collects writings and addresses by pensadores Simon Bolivar, Jose Maria Luis Mora, Andres Bello, Jose Victorino Lastarria, Francisco Bilbao, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Esteban Echeverria, Lucas Alaman, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Juan Montalvo, Jose Marti, Soledad Acosta de Samper, Justo Sierra, Euclides de Cunha, Clorinda Matto de Turner, Francisco Alonso de Bulnes, and Alcides Arguedas in which they grappled with the Latin American colonial past, issues of federalism versus political unitarianism, the role of the institutional Catholic Church, patterns of social existence, foreign relations, polices towards indigenous peoples, the role of women in Latin America, education and economic development, and the nature and uses of history.
COMO "letrado de accion," el pensador, ensayista y jurista Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810-1884), se dedico de lleno a revivir los ideales de la Revolucion de Mayo de 1810 y a bregar por la accion revolucionaria en la naciente Republica Argentina.
Por ejemplo, a diferencia de las monografias tempranas de Aldo Cocca, El teatro de Juan Bautista Alberdi, y de Emilio Carilla, "Alberdi autor dramatico," los trabajos criticos mas recientes tales como "Something Old, Something New: El Gigante Amapolas" de Andrea Labinger; "Alberdi, Usigli, and the Farce of Tyranny" de George Schanzer y "Anticipacion del grotesco en El Gigante Amapolas de J.
Peregrinaciones y palabras de un ausente: Los escritos del "Traidor" Juan Bautista Alberdi.
Anticipacion del grotesco en El Gigante Amapolas (1841) de Juan Bautista Alberdi.