Anza, Juan Bautista de

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Anza, Juan Bautista de

(hwän boutēs`tä dā än`sä), 1735–88, Spanish explorer and official in the Southwest and the far West, reputed founder of San Francisco, b. Mexico. Accompanied by Father F. T. H. Garcés and a small expedition, he opened (1774) an overland road from Sonora through present-day Arizona to California, reaching San Gabriel and Monterey. Viceroy A. M. Bucareli, alarmed by the threatened encroachments of the Russians and the British on the Pacific coast, sent (1775) Anza on a new expedition to establish a colony. In 1776 he chose the site of San Francisco, where a presidio was founded by one of his lieutenants and a mission was founded by Father Francisco Palóu under the direction of Father Junípero Serra. Later, as governor of New Mexico (1777–88), Anza built up Spanish frontier defenses and established order. Journals of men on his California journey are in Anza's California Expeditions (ed. by H. E. Bolton, 5 vol., 1930, repr. 1966). For his diaries and a study of his administration, see A. B. Thomas, Forgotten Frontiers (1932, repr. 1969).


See F. Thurman, The Cahuillas and White Men of San Carlos and Coyote Canyon (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Kevin Dahl, Arizona program manager for NPCA, quoted by the Cronkite News Service in response to a proposed solar-energy zone far from Arizona's major metropolitan areas, and within view of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail.
This is an edited and translated account written by Franciscan missionary Fray Pedro Font as he accompanied Juan Bautista de Anza on a Spanish colonizing expedition in 1775-1776 that opened a trail from Arizona to California and built a presidio at San Francisco Bay.
provides a fine survey of Juan Bautista de Anza, who led the Spanish colonizing expedition that opened the roads from Arizona to California and established a presidio at San Francisco Bay.
Twelve families and forty-nine Indians from Alamos participated in the colonial expedition of Juan Bautista de Anza, who, in 1775, founded San Francisco, California.
12 /PRNewswire/ -- From the musical history of Mexican Corridos, to stories of the California Gold Rush to the expeditions of Juan Bautista de Anza that led to the colonization of San Francisco, Hispanic Heritage Month offers a unique opportunity to delve into and celebrate the diverse history and important contributions Latinos have made to American culture.
The Esmeralda facility, at its Juan Bautista de Anza Geothermal Project, will be located in Imperial County west of the Salton Sea.
And in Arion Press's light-filled gallery overlooking Mountain Lake Park--where explorer Juan Bautista de Anza and his party camped in 1776 as they established the beginnings of San Francisco--it seems that all of the Presidio is today, in our guide's words, quite a collaboration.
The Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trial in California, a national millennium trial that received $200,000.
In 1990 Congress designated the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail and charged the National Park Service, in cooperation with the Heritage Trails Fund, Amigos de Anza, and Anza Trail Coalition of Arizona, with certifying and marking the twelve hundred miles of Anza's route within U.
Juan Bautista de Anza Online Charter School (JBDA), a tuition-free public school, invites the community to an open house at its Salton City Learning Center, 2101 South Marina Drive, Suite 4, Salton City from 12 p.
is a new English translation of the writings of Franciscan missionary Fray Pedro Font, who accompanied Juan Bautista de Anza during his Spanish colonizing expedition of 1775-76 that blazed a trail from Arizona to California and founded a presidio at San Francisco Bay.
1 -- color) Ameen Makanvand, 8, of Oak Park finds relief from the heat Wednesday at Juan Bautista de Anza Park in Calabasas.