Juan Bosch


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Bosch, Juan

 

Born June 30, 1909, in La Vega. Dominican political and state figure; writer.

Bosch participated in the opposition movement against the Trujillo dictatorship. He was forced to emigrate in 1937. In 1939 he was one of the founders of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). He returned to the country in 1961 and was the PRD’s candidate for the presidency in 1962. Between February and September 1963 he was president of the Dominican Republic. His government carried out a number of measures infringing on the interests of US monopolies. In April 1963 the government adopted the first bourgeois-democratic constitution. Bosch’s activity evoked dissatisfaction among the imperialists of the USA and the forces of domestic reaction. He was removed as a result of a military coup (September 1963) and was in exile until 1965. In September 1965, during the upsurge of the patriotic movement in the country which took place under the banner of the restoration of the constitution of 1963, he returned to his homeland. In 1966 he was a candidate for the presidency, but under the conditions of the American occupation (from April 1965) of the Dominican Republic, he was defeated and emigrated once more. In 1970 he returned to the country.

Bosch is the author of a number of literary and journalistic works. Some have been translated into English, French, German, and Italian. His works in Russian translation are “The Rebel” and “The Holiday of Encarnación Mendoza” (Inostrannaia literatura, 1965, no. 11).

WORKS

The Unfinished Experiment: Democracy in the Dominican Republic. New York, 1965.
El Pentagonismo Sustituto del imperialismo. Madrid, 1968.
Cuentos escritos en el exilio. Santo Domingo, 1962.

V. D. NIKOLAENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Drawing on archival research and using a conflated theoretical framework, the author offers a portrait of Williams that shows how his experiences in Trinidad, England, and America radicalized him and how his relationships with other Caribbean intellectuals--along with Aime Cesaire in Martinique, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, George Lamming of Barbados, and Frantz Fanon from Martinique--enabled him to seize opportunities for social change and make a significant contribution to Caribbean epistemology.
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Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and President Juan Bosch International Airport (AZS) in Samana on Wednesdays and Saturdays - the only service between the United States and this coveted beach destination.
Haitian police who followed the group withdrew when Dominican President Juan Bosch threatened to use force against Haiti
Dominican politician and writer Juan Bosch (1909-2001) produced over fifty books during his lifetime.
Here, the effect of the intervention was to install the military-backed Joaquin Balaguer and to block the restoration of the previously overthrown elected administration of Juan Bosch.
The dominoes began falling in Latin America to Soviet-backed thugs and terrorists: Romulo Betancourt in Venezuela, Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, Juan Jose Arevalo in Guatemala, Janio Quadros and Joao Goulart in Brazil, Victor Paz Estenssoro in Bolivia, Salvador Allende in Chile, Omar Torrijos in Panama, Maurice Bishop in Grenada, and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua.
Juan Bosch Various texts, but limited translations available.
Mentor Juan Bosch, a former president of the Dominican Republic, triggered a 30-year career in politics for Fernandez, although holding office was never the goal.
The oldest is the Dominican Juan Bosch, who was born in 1909, a decade after Borges.