Jubaea


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Jubaea

 

a genus of plants of the family Palmae. The sole species is J. spectabilis. The trunk measures 15–18 m in height and as much as 1 m in diameter. The crown consists of 60 to 100 pinnate leaves. The branching inflorescences reach 1.2–1.4 m in length, with the pistillate flowers at the base and the staminate ones on the upper section. The fruit is a drupe with a fleshy pericarp. The rounded seeds contain about 35 percent oil.

J. spectabilis grows on the Chilean coast at elevations to 1,200 m. The species has been greatly decimated. The sugary sap obtained from the trunk is used to make wine. The fruits and seeds are used in food, and the leaves are used as roof coverings. J. spectabilis is cultivated in parks along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus (Sukhumi, Sochi).

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Although the Arecaceae family has a wide distribution and a large number of species, the endemic Chilean palm, Jubaea chilensis (Mol.
soil erosion and widespread rapid deforestation of forests dominated by giant Jubaea palms) and self-destruction or "ecoside" (Diamond, 1995, 2005, 2007; Rolett & Diamond, 2004); and b) by a synergy of ecological impacts and, particularly, the devastating effects of introduced rats Rattus exulans on the island (Hunt, 2007; Hunt & Lipo, 2009).
Hunt and Lipo do not dispute the palynological evidence for wholesale removal of the island's natural Jubaea palm dominated forests, but argue that the proximal cause of deforestation was predation on palm seeds and seedlings by the human-introduced Pacific rat (Rattus exulans).
para la Sub-region del Bosque Esclerofilo Costero describe las comunidades de: Beilschmiedia miersii-Crinodendron patagua, Cryptocarya alba-Schinus latifolius, Jubaea chilensis-Lithraea caustica, Drimys winteri-Luma chequen, Lithraea caustica-Peumus boldus, Cryptocarya alba-Luma chequen y Pouteria splendens-Lepechinia salviae.
Jubaea chilensis is found in valleys and slopes of Andean foothills at low elevation in seasonally dry regions (Henderson et al.
10' W, sclerophyl woodland, Jubaea chilensis palms, Trichocereus cacti; dump mud & moss on sand, dry creek bed (1 male, 1 female FMNH).
Al sur del desierto existe el aislado Jubaea chilensis, formando poblaciones importantes en el matorral seco del pie de los Andes, entre 32[grados]S y 35[grados]S.
Farellones chilensis Peumus boldus boldo cordillera Actual Arrayan Cryptocaria peumo cordillera Actual Arrayan alba Brodiaea cebolleta costa Actual Maitencillo porrifolia Schinus molle costa Actual Maitencillo latifolius Jubaea palma costa Actual Vina del Mar chilensis Cryptocaria peumo costa Actual Maitencillo alba Prosopis algarrobo valle Actual Antumapu chilensis Luma apiculata arrayan valle Actual Santiago Peumus boldus boldo valle Actual VI Region Madia sativa madi valle Actual Quincanque Aristotelia maqui valle Actual Linares chilensis Cryptocaria peumo valle Actual Santiago alba Vegetal cultivado Solanum maglia papacimarrona costa Actual Maitencillo Lagenaria sp.
Se trata de las agrupaciones esclerofilas de Quillaja y Lithrea formando bosquetes dispersos y de Jubaea y Puya, conformando comunidades abiertas y preferentemente en exposicion a la solana.
Major exceptions are palm hearts, which reach national markets asa by-product of their mostly international market (Strudwick & Sobel, 1988; Linares, 1991; Bernal, 1992; Meza, 2001; Moraes, 2001; Rios, 2001; Pierce & Shanley, 2002; Goulding & Smith, 2007); the fruits of Bactris gasipaes, which have made ir into many large cities in Colombia (Gonzalez, 2007); palm honey from the Chilean wine palm, Jubaea chilensis which is sold in domestic markets in Chile (Gonzalez et al.
If Arnold Schwarzenegger were a palm tree, he'd be a Jubaea chilensis.
Jubaea chilensis, Colpotrinax cookii, Nannorrhops ritchiana, Pritchiardia remota) to several centimeters (e.