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(also Jebeil), a town in Lebanon, on the Mediterranean coast in the mukhafaz (province) of Mount Lebanon. Population, about 3,000. Jubayl has a railroad station and a brewery.

In ancient times, it was known by the Greek name Byblos (in Akkadian, Gubla; in Hebrew, Gebal). From the third to the second millennium B.C., Jubayl was the most important commercial and trading center of Phoenicia. It had lively trade relations with Egypt, exporting timber in exchange for papyrus, linen, and other goods. At the end of the second millennium B.C., with the rise in Phoenicia of Tyre and Sidon, Jubayl lost its position of leadership. Subsequently, Assyria and Babylonia frequently conquered the town. During the rule of the Achaemenids and during the Hellenistic-Roman period, it experienced an upsurge, coining its own money (from the fifth century B.C.) and achieving self-government. In the seventh century A.D. it was conquered by the Arabs.

Systematic excavations in Jubayl have been conducted since 1921. The remains of buildings from the Phoenician period have been found (the temples of the goddess Baalat and the god Resheph), as well as buildings of the Roman period (a temple, basilica, nymphaeum, and theater). Other buildings found in Jubayl include the ruins of medieval stone fortress walls, a castle (12th to 13th century), the Church of St. John the Baptist (12th century; western facade, 20th century), and a baptistry (13th century). A new center of the town is being built according to the design of the Lebanese architect A. Edde.


Dunand, M. Fouilles de Byblos, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1937-58.
Klengel, M. Geschichte Syriens im 2 Jahrtausend von unserer Zeit, part 2. Berlin, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prince Saud bin Abdullah bin Thunayan Al-Saud, chairman of the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu (RCJY), has allocated land to Sulaiman Al-Habib Medical Services Group Holding Co.
CPC) which has a world-scale aromatics complex in Jubail.
Riyadh, Dhu-AlQa'dah 15, 1436,August 30, 2015,SPA -- The Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu signed a contract for establishing a number of services and commercial facilities and implementing developmental works in Jubail Industrial City with a total amount of more than SR 94 million.
The commission's officials gave an overview of Jubail industrial city since its establishment
Dubai: Commuters heading to Dubai from Sharjah can hop on the intercity buses from five different pick-up points besides Al Jubail bus station, the Roads and Transport Authority has announced.
Jubail -- The world's favourite jeweller, Joyalukkas opened their new jewellery showroom in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
A number of major Saudi companies are planning to construct thousands of residential units for their employees in Jubail Industrial City, a report said.
Operation and maintenance of buildings Jubail Industrial College, and rehabilitation of roads in the industrial area, and the creation of an integrated complex for operation and maintenance in Jubail Industrial City.
Hilton Worldwide has announced the signing of a management agreement with Faisal Al-Ansari Contracting to introduce a Hilton Garden Inn hotel to Al Jubail in Saudi Arabia.
Hilton Worldwide has signed a management agreement with Faisal Al-Ansari Contracting to introduce a Hilton Garden Inn hotel to Al Jubail in Saudi Arabia.
Qanbar Dywidag Precast Concrete Company (QDC), which has a number of ongoing projects in Saudi Arabia, is anticipating further strong demand for its products and is planning several factory improvements at its two facilities in Jubail in the Eastern Province and Rabigh in the Western Province, the company says.
Pentair X-Flow has confirmed it has received an order from Al Fatah Water and Power to supply its Seaguard ultrafiltration (UF) membranes and skids to the Jubail Phase 2 seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) project in Al Jubail, Saudi Arabia.