Juchitán

Juchitán

(ho͞ochētän`) or

Juchitán de Zaragoza

(ho͞ochētän` thā särägō`sä), town (1990 pop. 53,666), Oaxaca state, S Mexico. Located on the Juchitán River in a vast expanse of flat, fertile plain only slightly above sea level, the old town rivals TehuantepecTehuantepec
, officially Santo Domingo Tehuantepec
, town (1990 pop. 33,445), Oaxaca state, S Mexico, on a wide bend of the Tehuantepec River not far from the Gulf of Tehuantepec, an arm of the Pacific. The town is on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
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 (20 mi/ 32 km to the east) as the cultural center of the ZapotecZapotec
, indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peoples of Middle America, they had no traditions or legends of migration, but believed themselves to have been born
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. It is linked to Veracruz and the Guatemala border by railroad and is on the Inter-American Highway.