Judah ha-Nasi


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Judah ha-Nasi

(jo͞o`də hä-nä`sē), c.135–c.220, Palestinian Jewish communal leader (tanna). He occupied the office of patriarch (nasi) which was reestablished by the Romans after 135. Under his leadership, Palestinian Jewry rebuilt its economy, which had been devastated during the revolt against Rome (132–135). Tradition has presented him also as a learned rabbi and as the redactor of the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
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, although his role in the production of the Mishna has been questioned by recent scholarship.

Judah ha-Nasi

?135--?220 ad, rabbi and patriarch of the Sanhedrin, who compiled the Mishnah
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It is now clear also why Judah Ha-Nasi, editor of the Mishnah, in tribute to Shmuel, simply recorded the verse he used to quote, a verse whose context and application did not require elucidation to the Jews of that era, however mystifying it proved to those of subsequent ages, and to their commentators.
In form and content the Tosefta is quite similar to the Mishna, the first authoritative codification of such laws, which was given its final form early in the 3rd century AD by Judah ha-Nasi.