Judas Maccabeus

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Judas Maccabeus:

see MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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, Jewish family.

Judas Maccabeus


Died 161 B.Cl Leader of a popular revolt in Judea, directed against the political, taxational, and religious oppression of the Seleucids.

Judas was the third son of Mattathias (who died in 166 B.Cl), a descendant of the priestly clan of the Hasmoneans. In 167 B.Cl, Judas, together with his father, led a rebellion, which spread in response to religious persecution of the Jews by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and grew into a popular revolt. (The revolt was called the Maccabean war from Judas’ nickname Maccabee, which presumably meant “hammerer.”) In a series of battles in 167-162 B.Cl, the army of Judas Maccabeus routed the greatly superior forces of the armies of the Seleucid generals. In 164 he seized Jerusalem and reconsecrated the temple. The armed and political struggle was continued even after the abolition of religious persecution by the Seleucids (in 162 B.C.). In 161 he concluded an alliance with Rome. After the death of Judas in the battle near Laisa (Elasa), the struggle was headed by his brothers until the achievement of complete political independence by Judea in 142 B.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
Esther was his first, and during the following thirty-two years, he composed nine oratorios based on specific Biblical figures--Deborah, Athalia, Saul, Samson, Joseph and his brothers, Belshazzar, Joshua, Solomon, and Jephtah--and he also wrote one about Judas Maccabeus.
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Moving across Europe we heard Renaissance and early Baroque works by Lassus, Jakob Handl and Banchieri, before coming into more famliar ground with the 'Conquering Hero' chorus from Handel's Judas Maccabeus, and a warm-toned rendering of Bach's Jesu, joy of man's desiring .
Consider these lacunae: Judas Maccabeus, The Siege of Corinth, Richard Coeur-de-Lion, the "Revolutionary" Etude, Die Walkure, Des Knaben Wunderhorn, L'Histoire du soldat, Horace victorieux, Wozzeck, and Canti di prigionia.
In the Second Book of the Maccabees, Chapter 12, we read that Judas Maccabeus discovered, after doing battle, that many of his soldiers, now slain, had sinned by acts of profanity.
Disraeli romanticized Alroy's achievements and treated him as a martyr to his faith; he endeavored to depict him as a successor to Judas Maccabeus.
But when Mattathias died in 166, the brothers, under the leadership of Judas Maccabeus ("The Hammer"), organized a formal army and began to attack the Syrians systematically.