Judas Maccabeus


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Judas Maccabeus:

see MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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, Jewish family.

Judas Maccabeus

 

Died 161 B.Cl Leader of a popular revolt in Judea, directed against the political, taxational, and religious oppression of the Seleucids.

Judas was the third son of Mattathias (who died in 166 B.Cl), a descendant of the priestly clan of the Hasmoneans. In 167 B.Cl, Judas, together with his father, led a rebellion, which spread in response to religious persecution of the Jews by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and grew into a popular revolt. (The revolt was called the Maccabean war from Judas’ nickname Maccabee, which presumably meant “hammerer.”) In a series of battles in 167-162 B.Cl, the army of Judas Maccabeus routed the greatly superior forces of the armies of the Seleucid generals. In 164 he seized Jerusalem and reconsecrated the temple. The armed and political struggle was continued even after the abolition of religious persecution by the Seleucids (in 162 B.C.). In 161 he concluded an alliance with Rome. After the death of Judas in the battle near Laisa (Elasa), the struggle was headed by his brothers until the achievement of complete political independence by Judea in 142 B.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
The complexity of its back story, its precise but understated topical references, and the universality of its exhortations to integrity, courage, freedom, religious faith, religious observance, unity, and peace have made Judas Maccabeus vulnerable to misunderstanding and over-simplification, as is sadly obvious in the volume under review here.
Esther was his first, and during the following thirty-two years, he composed nine oratorios based on specific Biblical figures--Deborah, Athalia, Saul, Samson, Joseph and his brothers, Belshazzar, Joshua, Solomon, and Jephtah--and he also wrote one about Judas Maccabeus.
a loyal Jew named Judas Maccabeus and his followers were fighting for the right to practice their religion against the prevailing winds of the Greco-Roman world.
Moving across Europe we heard Renaissance and early Baroque works by Lassus, Jakob Handl and Banchieri, before coming into more famliar ground with the 'Conquering Hero' chorus from Handel's Judas Maccabeus, and a warm-toned rendering of Bach's Jesu, joy of man's desiring .
Her bizarre name, derived from Judas Maccabeus (the hero of the apocryphal Books of the Maccabees, which were printed as an appendix in Coverdale's Bible and as canonical in the Geneva Bible) suggests her strictly evangelical parentage.
This version, as has been noted above, was probably not used in Judas Maccabeus until 26 February 1748.
Consider these lacunae: Judas Maccabeus, The Siege of Corinth, Richard Coeur-de-Lion, the "Revolutionary" Etude, Die Walkure, Des Knaben Wunderhorn, L'Histoire du soldat, Horace victorieux, Wozzeck, and Canti di prigionia.
Moreover, Handel's eighteenth- century colleagues all commented on his religious devotion, which rivaled Bach's, and although the aesthetic of his dramatic oratorios Israelites in Egypt, Messiah, Judas Maccabeus, etc.
In the Second Book of the Maccabees, Chapter 12, we read that Judas Maccabeus discovered, after doing battle, that many of his soldiers, now slain, had sinned by acts of profanity.
She spent a month this summer singing in Halle, Germany, in the European premiere of the newly discovered re-orchestration by Mozart of Handel's Judas Maccabeus.
Disraeli romanticized Alroy's achievements and treated him as a martyr to his faith; he endeavored to depict him as a successor to Judas Maccabeus.
But when Mattathias died in 166, the brothers, under the leadership of Judas Maccabeus ("The Hammer"), organized a formal army and began to attack the Syrians systematically.