Judas of Galilee

(redirected from Judas the Galilean)

Judas of Galilee,

fl. A.D. 6, a leader of the Zealots, a radical revolutionary Jewish sect. He raised an insurrection against the taxation census of Cyrenius (A.D. 6) on the grounds that no one but God was Israel's master, and he was killed. He is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles.
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It pushes the dating of Jesus's life back nearly a generation to ancient Judea and shows how the real historical Jesus was actually Judas the Galilean.
After him Judas the Galilean rose up at the time of the census and got people to follow him; he also perished, and all who followed him were scattered.
The topics include approaches to biblical interpretation in The Dead Sea Scrolls by modern interpreters, the dream visions in the Noah story of the Genesis Apocryphon and related texts, geography and ideology in the Copper Scroll (3Q15), scribal exegesis, metaphorical familial language, a methodological critique of the reconstruction of 4QMMT, and Josephus on Judas the Galilean and the Essenes.
McLaren, "Constructing Judaean History in the Diaspora: Josephus's Accounts of Judas," theorizes that Josephus used Judas the Galilean and the creation of the so-called "fourth philosophy" as scapegoats, as a means of diverting responsibility for the revolt against Rome from himself and his colleagues and from Jerusalem and the priesthood.