Jülich

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Jülich

(yü`lĭkh), former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of BergBerg
, former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. Düsseldorf was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of Jülich and in 1380 was made a duchy.
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. After the extinction of the Jülich line, both Jülich and Berg passed (1521) to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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). The struggle that broke out in 1609 for the succession to the territories of the dukes of Cleves ended in 1666. Jülich and Berg passed to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach and the rest to the electors of Brandenburg. Occupied by the French from 1794 to 1814, the territory was assigned (1815) to Prussia at the Congress of Vienna.

Jülich,

town (1994 pop. 31,780), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany. It has some light industry and is the seat of a nuclear research center. Originally a Roman settlement known as Juliacum, Jülich was chartered in the mid-13th cent. and served as the capital of the former duchy of Jülich. The town was almost totally destroyed in World War II.

Jülich

 

a historical region in Germany, now in the Federal Republic of Germany; located in the Land (state) of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Originally a county, Jülich became a margravate in 1336 and a duchy in 1360. In 1423 it was united with the duchy of Berg, and from 1511, Jülich and Berg were both ruled by the duke of Cleves. When the line of the dukes of Cleves ended, a dispute broke out between the German Catholic and Protestant princes. This dispute developed into an acute international conflict foreshadowing the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48). As a result of the struggle for the Jülich-Cleves succession, Jülich passed to the Catholic Palatinate-Neuburg. From 1777 it was under the jurisdiction of the ruler of Bavaria. It was seized by French troops in 1794 and annexed to France in 1801. The Congress of Vienna (1814–15) gave almost all of Jülich to Prussia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Walter Oelert of the Juelich Institute for Nuclear Physics Research in Germany and his German and Italian colleagues reported that they created the 11 atoms of anti-hydrogen during a three-week experiment at CERN last September, but withheld the news until they and independent experts had thoroughly checked their results, which will be published in a forthcoming issue of the journal Physical Review B.
The participating ERA-NET PathoGenoMics partner countries and funding institutions include: Austria, Federal Ministry for Science and Research (BMWF) and The Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Finland, Academy of Finland (AKA); France, Institut Pasteur (IP), and The National Agency for Research (ANR); Germany, Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and Project Management Juelich (PTJ); Hungary, Hungarian Academy of Science (HAS) and Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA); Israel, The Chief Scientist Office, Israeli Ministry of Health (CSO-MOH); Portugal, The Science and Technology Foundation (FCT); Slovenia, Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology (MHEST); Spain, Ministry of Science and Innovation.
Now, a group at the Research Centre Juelich in Germany has proposed a technique they call Hilbert spectroscopy.
As part of the tokamak special issue series, the American Nuclear Society journal, Fusion Science and Technology, edited by Nermin Uckan, has published a special issue (February 2005) devoted to an extensive set of papers describing the studies of tokamak physics in the TEXTOR Tokamak facility in Juelich, Germany.
Demonstrations from key supercomputing centers such as Forschungszentrum Juelich, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, CERN and KISTIunderscore momentum of Intel[R] Many Integrated Core Architecture.
Los Alamos National Laboratory and Germany's Forschungszentrum Juelich, Ranked #3 and #5 Respectively on the 2010 Top500.
Marion Karrasch from Juelich, Germany, the participating ERA-NET PathoGenoMics partner countries and funding institutions include: Austria, Federal Ministry for Science and Research (BMWF) and The Austrian Science Fund (FWF); Finland, Academy of Finland (AKA); France, Institut Pasteur (IP), and The National Agency for Research (ANR); Germany, Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and Project Management Juelich (PTJ); Hungary, Hungarian Academy of Science (HAS) and Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA); Israel, The Chief Scientist Office, Israeli Ministry of Health (CSO-MOH); Portugal, The Science and Technology Foundation (FCT); Slovenia, Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology (MHEST); Spain, Ministry of Science and Innovation.
NET)(Italy), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) (Switzerland), University of Glasgow (United Kingdom), Warsaw University of Technology (Poland), Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden), AMO GmbH (Gesellschaft fur angewandte Mikro- und Optoelektronik) (Germany), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany), The University of Liverpool (United Kingdom), National Technical University of Athens (Greece), University College Cork), National University of Ireland (Ireland), University of Warwick (United Kingdom), European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (France), The University of Surrey (United Kingdom), Ion Beam Services (France), Integrated Systems Development S.
JUELICH, Germany -- DASGIP AG, a leading provider of parallel benchtop bioreactor systems, is now giving users of its technology online access to their bioprocesses via the iPad.
JUELICH, Germany -- ERA-NET PathoGenoMics, an initiative of the European Commission aimed at advancing transnational genome-based research programs on human-pathogenic microorganisms, announced today the third international joint call.
Forschungszentrum Juelich, with its Jugene supercomputer located in Germany, ranks 3rd on the list and has deployed the Force10 E-Series core switch/router with more than 200 Ten Gigabit Ethernet ports.
Kohl was engaged in basic research for more than seven years at the Juelich Research Center in Germany, and the Max Planck Institute in Dortmund, Germany.