Jules Romains

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Romains, Jules

 

(pen name of Louis Farigoule). Born Aug. 26, 1885, in Saint-Julien-Chapteuil, in the department of Haute-Loire; died Aug. 14, 1972, in Paris. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1946).

Romains graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1906. He began his career as a poet and was the founder of the unanimist school. In the 1920’s he wrote grotesque farces denouncing political mores and learned and literary charlatanism, including Dr. Knock (1924; staged 1923), the “cinematographic tale” Donogoo-Tonka (1920; staged 1930), and the comedy Monsieur le Trouhadec in the Grip of Debauchery (1923).

In the 1930’s, Romains’s political views underwent a shift to the right. He did not understand the currents of historical development and consequently failed in his attempt to create an epic of French life between 1908 and 1933 in the novel Men of Good Will (vols. 1–27, 1932–6; Russian translation, vols. 1–4, 1933), a work notable for its systematic and objective approach.

Romains’s articles and speeches (1939–60) about World War II and the fate of France and of bourgeois democracy were collected in The Highs and Lows of Freedom (1960), the philosophic essays To Preserve Reason (vols. 1–3, 1960–67), and the reminiscences Friendships and Encounters ( 1970).

WORKS

Portraits d’inconnus. Paris [1962].
In Russian translation:
Sobr. sock, vols. 1–9. Leningrad, 1925–30.
Izbr. stikhi. Translated by A. Efros. Moscow, 1928.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Molodaia frantsuzskaia poeziia.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Lunacharskii, A. V. “Predislovie.” In J. Romains, Gospodin Truadek ν
lapakh razvrata. Moscow [1925], Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Vol. 4: Moscow, 1963.
Berry, M. Jules Romains. Paris [1959].
Livres de France, 1966, no. 8 (special issue).
Cuisenier, A. J. Romains. Paris [1969]. (Contains bibliography.)
L’Humanité, Aug. 18, 1972, p. 7. (Obituary.)

M. V. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: AO 1845 travaux de dsamiantage de sous sol entres 1 5 rsidence Jules Romain, rue Comtesse de Sgur Ronchin.
beaucoup moins que]Tartuffe[beaucoup plus grand que], [beaucoup moins que]Les fourberies de Scapin[beaucoup plus grand que], [beaucoup moins que]Le bourgeois gentilhomme[beaucoup plus grand que] de Moliere sans parler de Jules Romain, Bertold Brecht pour ne citer que ceux-la.
IV) en la aplicacion del concepto de "vision estelar o astral", formulado ya en sus conferencias argentinas de 1910, que se materializa en tecnicas como el simultaneismo temporal, una estructura y diseno tematica y formalmente circulares, y la presencia de un personaje colectivo, que parece recoger el concepto de "unanimismo" que Jules Romain materializaba en Mort de Quelqu'un (1911).
Investigaciones recientes de las que Ribes se hace eco en su introduccion (29-30), ademas de mis propias indagaciones, apuntan como origen del primer Volpone "espanol" a una version libre, en frances, de dicha obra, a cargo de Jules Romain (1928), quien a su vez la habia traducido y adaptado de la tambien version libre, en aleman, del austriaco Stefan Zweig (1926).
Ainsi ce passage sur la Salle des Geants de Jules Romain au Palais du Te de Mantoue que Flaubert lui-meme n'a jamais vu (cite 191):
His duties brought him into contact with many great thinkers (Thomas Mann, Jules Romain, Alfonso Reyes) and contributed to his belief in the fundamental unity of Latin America and in the universality of the Latin American experience.
Algunos: Ruben Dario, German Cueto (su ayudante en la SEP), sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Amado Nervo, Justo Sierra, Francisco de la Torre, el doctor Aureliano Urrutia, Guadalupe Marin, Plutarco Elias Calles, Josefina Ortiz Rubio, Pita Amor, Jose Marti, Jesus Urueta, Julian Carrillo, Lan Adomian, Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, Gabino Barreda, Miguel de Cervantes, Benito Juarez, Maria Asunsolo (su sobrina), Lazaro Cardenas, Antonio Caso, Francisco Goitia, Manolete, Jules Romains, Antonio Ruiz Galindo, Kitia Helene Domenge, Mireille Barany, Miguel Aleman, Carlos Lazo, Efren C.
Lo mismo ocurre con todo el circulo de amistades que integro, en 1908, el Grupo de la Abadia (Groupe de l'Abbaye), del que tambien formaba parte Jules Romains, escritor de perfil afin, en bastantes aspectos, al de Duhamel.
During World War II, the bookstore also ran a publishing house, La Maison Francaise, that published authors fleeing Nazism such as Andre Maurois, Jules Romains and "The Little Prince" writer Antoine de Saint-Exupery.
El sacrificio voluntario y colectivo de los numantinos (acaecido en "un jour illustre et attendu depuis quelque temps", como aconsejaba Corneille y se advierte en la Raquel de Huerta, tambien estrenada en 1778), acentuado por el literato grazalemeno en su tragedia, lo califica y define reiteradamente el editor por medio de la voz "unanimismo", ya aplicada a la actitud colectiva del pueblo en Fuenteovejuna y, por el mismo Sebold, a la Raquel en un estudio anterior, y que procede de la critica francesa, la cual la utilizo hacia 1910 para referirse de manera global a la efimera agrupacion comunitaria de poetas en una finca de Creteil llamada l'Abbaye y a los escritores relacionados con ella, particularmente Jules Romains.
His fiction emulated the now-also-defunct French genre of the roman-fleuve or literary river, once exemplified by the work of Jules Romains, in which a group of characters is followed through the passage of decades.
Si Zola, Jules Romains, Aragon et Sartre sont en bonne place, Guilloux, Barbusse, Maurois et Vaillant ne sont pas oublies et l'on decouvre des ecrivains moins connus issus du monde ouvrier comme Marguerite Audoux, qui prete sa plume aux couturieres, ou Constant Malva et Georges Valero, tous deux ecrivains-travailleurs-militants.