Julia Margaret Cameron

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Cameron, Julia Margaret

(kăm`ərən), 1815–79, English pioneer photographer, b. Calcutta (now Kolkata). Born and married into the high ranks of the British civil service, Cameron became an intimate of many of the most famous people of her day. In 1863 she received the gift of a camera from one of her daughters and quickly became an ardent amateur photographer, upgrading her camera only three years later and using the difficult wet collodion process. Cameron demanded long, arduous sittings from her large circle of illustrious friends. She sought to illuminate the inner person of her subject, and her celebrated portraits, including those of Tennyson, Carlyle, Ellen Terry, Browning, Darwin, Trollope, and Longfellow, are remarkably spontaneous. She also pioneered the use of closeups, soft focus, and the darkroom manipulation of negatives and was a key figure in establishing the photographic portrait as a legitimate work of art. Some of her works were published as Victorian Photographs of Famous Men and Fair Women (rev. ed. 1973).


See C. Ford and J. Cox, Julia Margaret Cameron: The Complete Photographs (2003); biographies by B. Hill (1973), H. Gernsheim (1975), C. Ford (2003), and V. C. Olsen (2003).

Cameron, Julia Margaret


Born June 11, 1815, in India; died Jan. 26, 1879, in Ceylon. English portrait photographer.

Cameron took up photography in 1863. As an amateur, she lacked the technical perfection of many professional photographers. However, she surpassed them in her depth of understanding of a subject’s individuality. She was particularly successful in revealing strong, intense characters. Her subjects, most of whom were friends of her family, included C. Darwin, T. Carlyle, J. F. W. Herschel, H. W. Longfellow, R. Browning, and A. Tennyson. Cameron’s photographs were characterized by soft focus, gentle facial modeling, and a sparse setting. Most of her negatives were destroyed in a fire.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gerhard Joseph, "Poetic and Photographic Frames: Tennyson and Julia Margaret Cameron," TRB 5 (1988): 47.
Mary Dillwyn deserves the recognition accorded to others of the small band of early women photographers such as Julia Margaret Cameron, Anna Atkins and Lady Hawarden.
com)-- When Portland Maine artist Ann Tracy was chosen as a finalist in the 2014 Julia Margaret Cameron Awards, she was also invited to exhibit that work at the 3rd Biennale of Documentary and Fine Art Photography in Malaga, Spain at the Municipal Museum beginning September 18th and running to November 20th.
Edward Steichen, Gertrude Kasebier and Julia Margaret Cameron are among the [notable] photographers of this period," Ecakyrkaya explained, adding that photos by such iconic names in art history such as Man Ray, Manuel Alvarez Bravo and William Eugene Smith are included in the exhibition.
With "For My Best "Beloved Sister Mia: An Album of Photographs by Julia Margaret Cameron," the Pittsburgh Frick organized this nineteenth-century photographer's fecund practice around the contents of a mammoth tome containing works that the artist dedicated to her sister.
Illustrations include examples of Woodman's works and those of women photography predecessors Julia Margaret Cameron and Clementina, Viscountess Hawarden.
21 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The exhibition For my best beloved Sister Mia: An Album of Photographs by Julia Margaret Cameron opens at the Frick Art & Historical Center on October 23, 2010.
At Freshwater Bay, close to Farringford, the Wight History Trail stops off at Dimbola Lodge to see the photography of Tennyson's friend, Julia Margaret Cameron.
5, will show more than 70 seminal photographs by Ansel Adams, Julia Margaret Cameron, Edward Steichen, Paul Strand, W.
They include Julia Margaret Cameron, great aunt to author Virginia Woolf, and Lady Hawarden, whose position in society meant she did not have to use her creative eye to earn an independent wage.
Julia Margaret Cameron (British, 1815-1879), Philip Stanhope Worsley (1835-1866), 1864-66.