Julian Sorell Huxley

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Huxley, Julian Sorell

 

Born June 22, 1887, in London; died there Feb. 14, 1975. British biologist. Member of the Royal Society of London (1938).

Huxley graduated from Oxford University in 1909. He taught zoology in several colleges in Oxford from 1909 to 1913 and again from 1918 to 1925. He was a research associate in the biology department of the Rice Institute in Houston, Texas, from 1913 to 1916, was a professor of zoology at the Royal College in London from 1925 to 1935, and served as secretary of the London Zoological Society from 1935 to 1942. He served as executive secretary of the UNESCO preparatory commission in 1945–46 and was the first general director of UNESCO from 1946 to 1948.

Huxley mainly studied general problems of evolution, zoology, experimental embryology, ethics, and nature conservation. His study of nuptial ceremonies among birds (1914) was an important contribution to ethology. Huxley was one of the authors of the synthetic theory of evolution.

Huxley was awarded the Kalinga Prize for popularizing science (1953) and the Darwin Medal (German Democratic Republic, 1959).

WORKS

The Individual in the Animal Kingdom. Cambridge, 1912.
Problems of Relative Growth. New York, 1932.
Elements of Experimental Embryology. Cambridge, 1934. (With G. De Beer.)
We Europeans. New York–London, 1936. (With A. C. Haddon.)
Biological Aspects of Cancer. New York, 1958.
Charles Darwin and His World. London, 1965. (With H. B. Kettlewell.)
Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, 3rd ed. London, 1975.
lazyk zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1968. (With L. Koch.)
Udivitel’nyi mir evoliutsii. Moscow, 1971.

REFERENCE

De Berredo Carneiru, P. E. “Dzhulian Khaksli—uchenyi i gumanist.” Kur’er IUNESKO, April, 1976. Pages 8–13,37.
References in periodicals archive ?
Former Metropolitan police officer Julian Huxley, 70, who at the time worked as a civil servant at Wrexham Barracks, was convicted of two charges of indecent assault and got four and a half years.
Civil servant Edward Julian Huxley, 70, from Lower Road, Cookham, Maidenhead, faces two charges of indecent assault, as does retired teacher Roger Owen Griffiths, 76, of Coed Efa Lane in New Broughton, Wrexham.
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Mark Granger, 63, David Lightfoot, 71, Keith Stokes, 61, former radio DJ Roy Norry, 54, Neil Phoenix, 62, and Edward Julian Huxley, 69, will go on trial next April at Mold crown court.
Phillips analyzes four thinkers, who were all popular moralists in mid-twentieth-century Britain: secular humanist Julian Huxley (1887-1975); unbeliever Bertrand Russell, (1872-1970); Catholic convert Malcom Muggeridge, (1903-90); and Catholic Barbara Ward, (1914-81).
This back-and-forth presumably stems from the fact that Wells had been a "godfather" to both Aldous and his brother Julian Huxley, a role he was given by T.
It was written by Julian Huxley, Aldous's older brother, and published in 1931, a year before Brave New World.
British naturalist Edmund Selous concluded from hours of observing wild birds that some animals must choose their mates, as did Julian Huxley from his early work on the courtship behavior of Great Crested Grebes (Podiceps cristatus) (although he later rejected that view).
The first edition, reviewed in the March 2008 issue of this journal by Owen Gingerich, focused on eight figures: Arie Leegwater on Charles Coulson, Jitse van der Meer on Theodosius Dobzhansky, James Moore on Ronald Fisher, Peter Bowler on Julian Huxley, Richard Beyler on Pascual Jordan, Torsten Ruting on Ivan Pavlov, Edward Davis on Michael Pupin, and Mark Stoll on Edward Wilson.
The original children's zoo was opened in 1938 by tiny political heavyweights Robert (Bobby) and Edward Kennedy, then aged just six and eight, and eminent biologist Julian Huxley - the brother of Brave New World author Aldous Huxley.
Perhaps best known among the scientists are Theodosius Dobzhansky, Julian Huxley, and Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.
Flanker George Smith will captain the side and Julian Huxley takes over at fly-half, with Berrick Barnes rested and Stephen Larkham out injured.