Julian Sorell Huxley

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Huxley, Julian Sorell

 

Born June 22, 1887, in London; died there Feb. 14, 1975. British biologist. Member of the Royal Society of London (1938).

Huxley graduated from Oxford University in 1909. He taught zoology in several colleges in Oxford from 1909 to 1913 and again from 1918 to 1925. He was a research associate in the biology department of the Rice Institute in Houston, Texas, from 1913 to 1916, was a professor of zoology at the Royal College in London from 1925 to 1935, and served as secretary of the London Zoological Society from 1935 to 1942. He served as executive secretary of the UNESCO preparatory commission in 1945–46 and was the first general director of UNESCO from 1946 to 1948.

Huxley mainly studied general problems of evolution, zoology, experimental embryology, ethics, and nature conservation. His study of nuptial ceremonies among birds (1914) was an important contribution to ethology. Huxley was one of the authors of the synthetic theory of evolution.

Huxley was awarded the Kalinga Prize for popularizing science (1953) and the Darwin Medal (German Democratic Republic, 1959).

WORKS

The Individual in the Animal Kingdom. Cambridge, 1912.
Problems of Relative Growth. New York, 1932.
Elements of Experimental Embryology. Cambridge, 1934. (With G. De Beer.)
We Europeans. New York–London, 1936. (With A. C. Haddon.)
Biological Aspects of Cancer. New York, 1958.
Charles Darwin and His World. London, 1965. (With H. B. Kettlewell.)
Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, 3rd ed. London, 1975.
lazyk zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1968. (With L. Koch.)
Udivitel’nyi mir evoliutsii. Moscow, 1971.

REFERENCE

De Berredo Carneiru, P. E. “Dzhulian Khaksli—uchenyi i gumanist.” Kur’er IUNESKO, April, 1976. Pages 8–13,37.
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The Wallabies had been beaten 12-10 in the quarter-finals of the Medal by Samoa, Julian Huxley missing a conversion that would have sent the match into extra-time.
Edward Julian Huxley, aged 69, from Lower Road, Cookham, Maidenhead, Berkshire, has been charged with two counts of indecent assault between 1984 and 1986 on the same complainant.
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By the 1930s embryologists saw the organism not as a whole but rather, as Julian Huxley and Gavin de Beer put it in Elements of Experimental Embryology, as a "mosaic" of organs developing independently and at variable rates ([1934] 1963, 225).
org/new/en/unesco/about-us/who-we-are/history/directors-general/) Julian Huxley from the U.
Macekura notes that Julian Huxley, a British biologist, eugenicist, and founder of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Russell Train, a US Tax Court judge and founder of the African Wildlife Leadership Foundation (AWLF), and Maurice Strong, a Canadian oil and gas executive and chairman of the UN Rio Earth Summit, all found East Africa (its flora and fauna, big game hunting, sightseeing, and bird watching) enthralling as young men.
The visitors included anthropologist Clive Kluckhohn in 1952, zoologist Julian Huxley in 1953 and historian Arnold Toynbee in 1956.
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Former Metropolitan police officer Julian Huxley, 70, who at the time worked as a civil servant at Wrexham Barracks, was convicted of two charges of indecent assault and got four and a half years.
Civil servant Edward Julian Huxley, 70, from Lower Road, Cookham, Maidenhead, faces two charges of indecent assault, as does retired teacher Roger Owen Griffiths, 76, of Coed Efa Lane in New Broughton, Wrexham.
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