Julian Ochorowicz


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Ochorowicz, Julian

 

Born Feb. 23, 1850, in Radzymin, in what is now the Polish People’s Republic; died May 1, 1917, in Warsaw. Polish positivist philosopher, psychologist, and inventor in telephony.

Ochorowicz graduated from the faculty of physics and mathematics at Warsaw University in 1872 and received the Ph.D. degree from the University of Leipzig the following year. From 1875 to 1882 he was a docent in the subdepartment of psychology at the University of L’vov. Living in Paris between 1882 and 1892, he collaborated with J. M. Charcot, C. Richet, and T. Ribot on the scientific problems of hypnosis and on psychotherapeutic methods. Ochorowicz’s inventions in telephony—a double-diaphragm electromagnetic telephone receiver and a thermal microphone—date from the same period. In 1886, at the third electrical-engineering exhibition in St. Petersburg, Ochorowicz arranged the first wire broadcast of opera performances.

REFERENCE

Bobrowska-Nowak, W. “Julian Ochorowicz na drogach i bezdrożach psychologii.” Kwartalnik historii nauki i techniki, 1971, no. 1.

G. K. TSVERAVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Three of these researchers were Italian psychiatrist and criminologist Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909), Polish psychologist Julian Ochorowicz (1850-1917), and Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morselli (1852-1929; see Domanski, 2003, Guarnieri, 1988, Knepper & Ystehede, 2013).
Correspondence: Julian Ochorowicz on Eusapia Palladino, dissociation and mediumistic fraud.
The concept was a prominent one in later theoretical speculations and researches on physical phenomena such as those done by Joseph Maxwell, Enrico Morselli, Julian Ochorowicz, Albert de Rochas, and Albert von Schrenck-Notzing.